Russian Media Muffle Protest Images, Broadcast Beef Kebabs

Russian Media Muffle Protest Images, Broadcast Beef Kebabs President Putin is trying to stop demonstrations without stoking further di scontent over a poor economy, a pension revamp and endemic corruption By Thomas Grove, 8/7/19, Wall St. Journal
MOSCOW—As Russian riot police violently suppressed pro-democracy de monstrations across Moscow, detaining around 1,000 people, some pro-Kremlin state news channels featured a different top news item: a city-sponsored b arbecue festival on the leafy banks of the Moscow River.
Russian state media’s studious dismissal of the nascent protest mov ement has helped the Kremlin keep its attempts to quash the protests off-sc reen, avoiding the images of police beating young protesters that could fee d into broader anger across the country.
Russian President Vladimir Putin, whose approval ratings have been sliding, is keen to stop the protests from piggybacking on discontent among Russian s over falling living standards, a pension overhaul and endemic corruption.
“What the authorities don’t want is protests in Moscow spar king protests in megalopolises across the country,” said Lev Gudkov , a sociologist and head of Moscow-based pollster Levada Center. “T hat’s the nightmare scenario.”
So far the Kremlin appears to believe it has the upper hand in the protests , which were sparked by accusations that city authorities unfairly disquali fied opposition candidates seeking to run in a city council vote in Septemb er. As the demonstrations have persisted for weeks, police have begun using billy clubs and court cases to stop them from continuing.
At the same time, state television, still the most popular source of inform ation for most Russians in a country that has sidelined most independent me dia, have featured pro-Kremlin spin doctors who painted the protesters as h ooligans and traitors.
Most broadcasters ignored the protests on Saturday. Instead of showing the demonstrations, Russia 24, one of Russia’s top state news channels, aired live segments from a music and food festival, with close-up shots of chicken, beef and vegetable kebabs.
Gorky Park, which has been heavily renovated under Moscow Mayor Sergey Soby anin, announced on Wednesday another hastily organized music and food festi val, called Meat&Beat, to take place this coming weekend, when more protest s are planned in the city.
Likewise, Mr. Putin hasn’t yet commented on the protests, instead d rawing state media’s attention to festivities celebrating Russia ’s naval power or efforts to fight forest fires in Siberia. The Kre mlin’s press apparatus has largely suspended its normally daily con ference calls with journalists since late July, when 1,300 protesters and b ystanders were detained. When asked for comment, Dmitry Peskov, the Kremlin spokesman, said he was on vacation until Aug. 12.
The opposition has also accused authorities of slowing or totally blocking internet traffic around the sites of the protests in recent weeks in an eff ort to slow the transmission of images of police detaining protesters, some times using overbearing force. Independent Russian television channel TVRai n faced cyber attacks and was visited by police last month when it tried to livestream the protests for internet viewers, the channel said.
The measures, however, haven’t entirely kept video of police violen ce from leaking out via more independent-minded media and Russian social me dia platforms.
For the Kremlin, the lessons of neighboring Ukraine are still fresh. In 201 3, a much-televised violent attempt to put down pro-European rallies in Kie v sparked national outrage that ultimately snowballed into the ouster of th e country’s then pro-Russian president and Russia’s subsequ ent annexation of the Ukrainian peninsula of Crimea.
As a result, authorities are reluctant to use heavy-handed tactics involvin g rubber bullets or water cannons against protesters to avoid such images f inding their way to the evening news.
“If they take that route, it will look much more like the occupatio n the opposition is claiming, and that’s not something they want to do,” said Mark Galleotti, senior associate fellow at the Royal Uni ted Services Institute, a London-based security think tank.
Following several years of broad support after the Putin government? ?s annexation of Crimea, Russians have become increasingly critical of th eir government.
Chronic economic problems and five years of international sanctions on Russ ia for alleged transgressions, such as stoking the conflict in Ukraine and meddling in the 2016 U.S. presidential election, have hammered Russia? ?s economy.
Approval of the government, at 43%, is well below the average for the past decade and fell to 37% after Mr. Putin moved to raise the pension age, acco rding to Levada Center.
Mr. Putin’s approval ratings have dropped this year to as low as 64 %, the lowest since 2013, though they have since slightly recovered.
Russia watchers say that those low ratings have given new impetus to the op position. Moscow’s protests also come on the heels of several waves of demonstrations in which authorities gave in to protesters’ dema nds.
In Yekaterinburg, in west-central Russia, public rallies forced local autho rities to back down on a decision to build a church in a public park for th e Russian Orthodox Church, an institution closely allied with the Kremlin. In Moscow, authorities freed a journalist in June following massive protest s against his detention when he was unlawfully charged with drug crimes.
When it came to the registration of opposition candidates, however, officia ls held firm.
“The authorities are generally not inflexible, as long as the deman ds of civil society are specific, and not political,” said Alexande r Baunov, senior fellow of the Moscow Carnegie Center, an independent thin k tank. “But if it’s about Putin’s political system , the authorities will show immediately how swift and violent they can be. ”
For now, authorities believe they can stop the protests, analysts say. Oppo sition leader Alexei Navalny has been imprisoned for 30 days after a demons tration last month. Mr. Navalny’s anticorruption organization is fa cing a fresh criminal investigation that could upend his efforts to create a national opposition platform.
His supporters, however, are trying to keep the momentum alive without him by planning another protest next weekend in Moscow and calling for demonstr ations in big cities across the country. While that strategy aims to broade n protesters’ issues beyond Moscow’s city council elections , it will also ensure a continued crackdown by police, Mr. Baunov said.
“If there is a potential political crisis lingering, the authoritie s want the protests to end as fast as possible and without it spreading,? ?? he said.
https://www.wsj.com/articles/russian-media-muffle-protest-images-broadcast- beef-kebabs-11565170203
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