Terms Common to Cabinet Construction and Hardware
Adjustable Shelf Shelf that can be added or removed, with varying
Backplate Usually a metal plate, often decorative, fitting between
handles, pulls or knobs and doors or drawer faces.
Bead board Paneling with beaded, routed detail.
Bridge cabinet Cabinet spanning an open space, such as above an appliance.
Cam and bolt Construction hardware connecting the top, bottom or sides of
C-C or O.C. Indicates a center-to-center hole measurement between screw
Crown Molding Decorative molding applied to wall cabinet tops to provide a
Custom Cabinetry Cabinets built to fit customers order of cabinet
dimensions, shape, wood species, finish and special detailing.
Edge banding Material applied to edge of objects such as countertops,
shelving or doors, to seal and cover the surface.
DIA Indicates the diameter of a round or symmetrical piece, often
associated with a knob.
Finish The overall surface color, sealing, and added accents of a cabinet
or piece of decorative hardware. This includes the highlights and darker
tones added to create a special look. It does not include the shape, carved
or cast detailing, or physical design of the piece.
Fixed Shelf Shelf constructed as a permanent part of the cabinet structure
in a fixed position.
Flat Panel Recessed center panel to a door or drawer design.
Fluted Rail Decorative piece of molding spanning areas between cabinets.
Framed Cabinets Cabinet box has a front frame around the cabinet opening
to which the door is attached.
Frameless Cabinets Frameless have no front frame. The doors are attached
directly to the side walls of the cabinet.
Full Overlay Cabinet door that covers all or most of the face frame.
Glaze Secondary staining process used to create highlight on wood doors.
Knob Cabinet hardware piece used for opening a door or drawer that
requires only one hole and one screw.
Light Rail Decorative molding applied to cabinets to hide lighting and/or
to provide a finished look.
MDF (Medium Density Fiberboard) Engineered wood product used as an
alternative to natural wood.
Melamine Laminate Plasticized, hard surfacing material used on door and
Mullion Doors Doors with glass center panel.
Particleboard Engineered wood product made from wood particles.
PRJ Projection of a pull or knob from the door or drawer surface.
Pull (Handle Pull) Cabinet hardware piece for opening a door or drawer
that requires two mounting locations (two holes and two screws).
Recessed Door Door with flat panel recessed from the stiles and rails.
Rosette Small decorative piece of molding, often round, square or
Shelf Pin: A piece of hardware, often metal or plastic, on which an
adjustable shelf rests.
Soffit Soffit or bulkhead is the box-like protrusion between ceiling and
the top of wall cabinets.
Soffit Spacer Decorative molding applied to wall cabinet tops to allow
Solid Wood Wood boards fitted and glued together, as opposed to plywood,
laminated wood, veneers, particle board, or MDF.
Stain Coloring applied to wood surfaces as part of the finishing process.
Stock Cabinets Pre-designed, factory-built cabinets.
Toe Kick Molding used to cover the open space under the cabinet for a
Veneer Thin sheets of superior wood attached with glue to an inferior
V-Groove Vertical beaded or grooved design.
Vinyl Laminate Decorative Material used on the interior of some
factory-built cabinetry, and sometimes used to cover cabinet exterior end
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