I don't want to give the impression that tenants have rights. IN some
places there are tenants rights laws, but in most places afaik, there
are none. And they only have the rights that are in the lease, and in
general contract law or common law. Plus even those rights can be
trampelled, especially if the landlord is wicked or if you tick off
If you rent, and you need something fixed ,if it is not fixed in a
reasonable amount of time, you send a letter to your landlord with the
problem ,and that their rent money will be held in rent court until the
item is fixed. I have done this many times and all problems were fixed
before the rent was due.
That's not the law everywhere**. In some places, rural places for
example are especially likely places, there is no rent court that will
hold money until something is fixed. Laws are passed all the time,
and repealed once in a while, and I don't do this for a living or know
about the entire nation, but I'm sure this is the situation in lots of
There may be whole states where that is not the law.
**It's not the procedure in NYC even, though it has very strong
I've been pretty negative about tenants rights. I had forgotten that
part of that stems from my experience with my mother.
Some cities have tenants rights organisations which are a quick and
pretty easy way to get information from a tenants pov about what his
rights are. If I lived in a small city or rural area, I'd try to find
out if the big city in that area had one, and they would know if
protection was state-wide, county-wide, whatever.
If there is no tenants org, there are much more likely to be legal
clinics for the poor, and even if one is not poor, I don't see an
ethical problem getting a few minutes of basic information from a
place like that. Landlord/tenant problems one of the biggest sources
of legal problems for the poor, and I would expect that most of these
people sympathize with the needs of even those tenants who are not
poor. What they don't want to do is get a new client that needs hours
of their time, when he's not within their income level. Ask for a
person who specializes in landlord problems, or stop by and they may
have pamphlets which summarize the tenants rights laws. They have
minimum income requirements for some things, but I'd be surprised if
they wouldn't give yuou a brochure and then answer questions for five
minutes, or maybe even 10.
In the case of my mother, she lived in Allentown, Pa, and was going to
move here because I lived here. She lived in a garden apartment area,
and the rental office did not permit month to month tenants. She had
to sign a new one year lease every year. She or her husband had
negotiated with them and arrangged, by paying a premium, to sign
3-month leases. But that really didn't help her much. She spent her
whole life being thrifty, and was determined to move into her new
place here the day after her lease expeired in Pa. and to not pay the
same months rent at two different places, or maybe it was not not pay
more than one month's rent at two different places. So if she didn't
find a good place to live, she had to wait 3 months for another time
The place had lots of vacancies, and would have actually benefitted by
letting someone like her be month to month. She might have hunted for
the best apartment for 6 more months and continued to pay rent at the
old place alll that time. Instead she rushed to find something
acceptable at the end of the first and second 3-month periods.
I thought she just didn't negotiate right, because at leaset in her
dealings with me, she could be a little testy. So I called the office
and got no further than she did. They wouldn't tell me who owned the
So I called the county clerks office, and asked the woman if she would
look it up, and asked if I called back in two hours, if that would be
enough time for her to find it, and she said yes, and when I called
back she gave me 3 names and business addresses, out of state.
So I used the telephone information to find out one or two of the
phone numbers, at their business, and one guy told me was a silent
partner, and gave me the other guy's number, and I talked to him and
explained that my mother was 80 years old and this would be her last
apartment, and I wanted her to have as much time as needed to find a
good one, but that she was rushing to not pay extra rent and that it
was in his financial interest to let her be month to month.
And he gave me a one-time one month extension. Which might have
helped, but turned out not to. He woudn't just make her month to
month. All the fights I had with my landlord in NY didn't have nearly
the effect of understanding the hostilitiy of tenants to landlords as
As it turns out she moved to a place that ended up being disastrous
for my mother, although I don't know that she would have found a
seemingly better place if she had mroe time, or that she wouldn't
have picked the same place (which didn't have any problems that one
could see), or that the same thing couldn't have happened anyplace
else. And when she was having these disastrous problems, it didn't
occur to me that it was the apartment she chose that caused them, or
that if she had had a more relaxed time to pick. That is, it wasn't
the place per se exactly, it was things that happened there that might
possibly have happened anywhere, even if a little less likely.
Actually I only thought about the possible relationship between her
lack of time and the bad results tonight, but I did think at the time
I called the landlord, how selfish I thought her landlord was. I
think being a landlord brings out the worst in some people, and
attracts the worst kind of people iln other cases. What fraction of
all landlords these two categories form, I don't know. What fraction
of landlords are bad, I have no idea. I know they are sorely tested
by tenants, including tenants who rented from your landlord before you
I dont think the case in this thread is at the stage of needing to
know tenants rights. If the apartment came with AC, the landlord is
obliged to fix it within a reasonable time, and afaict, he's trying to
do that. We haven't heard that he's been negligent with other
tenants, and eitehr the OP probably has the resources to move if she
accidentally moved to a place with a bad landlord, or she can convince
him its in his longterm interest to fix things, at least those that
affect her, and only a little more expensive to fix them quickly than
I am not AC person however I am refrigeration Tech. representing OEMs
from many parts of our country. I have read about dozens answers
and I had it enough. In my opinion any central domestic unit
if can't bring temperature down to 72 in let say 3 hours is not worth
having, so you tell you service people fix it or install new one
there is no excuse for something like that. leave unit running for
hours leave unit running overnight bullshit if was me two hours
would be a limit. from reading some info. that unit seems to be
around two ton which it should be enough unless your cool air
is going some place ales, like cracked duct work and your unit is
cooling parking lot or roof.
#1 I have posted before from what I read in posting?
If you apartment Is 1500 Sq. feet, tomb rule "you need 3 ton".
#2 If you AC unit is drawing only around 15 amps at full load
your unit is only 1,1/2 ton "not big enough".
#3 If you unit is freezing out side as some one posted?
you have heat pump and it is working in reveres.
#4 If you unit is heat pump and it has booster heaters for
winter see that are not ON at same time while is cooling.
#5 If your unit have high back pressure and low discharge
pressure it is good possibility that compressor is going bad.
#6 If unit is heat pump you definitely need to check
operating pressures looking at unit would not help.
#7 If it is heat pump mechanic must check switching or
diverting solenoid's which make change from winter to
#8 Last but not least source power and that compressor
is running continuously and not shutting down intermittently
I believe you have stated that at one time was working ok
Then check # 3,4,5,6,7&8
A piston system with a gross overcharge will freeze from the compressor back
to the evap, whereas if its running real low on refrigerant, or there is no
airflow, it will freeze from the evap to the compressor. It doesn't matter
if its A/C or a heat pump, it works the same.
I have never come across this and have a hard time imagining it. Normally if
they're grossly overcharged, they'll be slugging the compressor with liquid
refrigerant. That normally happens after a (so-called) service tech charges
the unit with too much refrigerant. Then the unit starts making a noise, so
they condemn the system.
You get the call and find that the unit is overcharged. Recover the
refrigerant and fix the actually problem and then the system normally
operates just fine.
So the question is, how can a system be overcharged, yet it freezes??
I have not seen this on a TXV system, only fixed oriface/piston systems
Remember what I told you about putting the temp clamp on the suction as a
"quick and dirty" method of indicating under/over charged systems??
Think about the ST with an undercharged system....superheat is very high(ST
75 - 85 degrees), overcharged system will be very low ...........ST below 50
and the lower the temp, the greater the overcharge. If a system is running
with a 30 degree ST, you can figure a minimum of 2 - 3 pounds of overcharge
on most resi systems.
Also remember that I told you that the gauges are the very last thing you
put to the system, after everything else is clean and right.
Not so fast Scooby Doo...
The overcharged system (if everything else is operating ok) is going to have
a higher suction pressure (on an orifice metering system). On a normal
system you're going to have a 70+ suction pressure (which is 41 degrees F
with R-22). If the system is overcharged, the suction pressure goes up 70+
(which is 41+ F with R-22). Since you can't have a negative superheat, your
suction temp is going to be 41+ F.
In order for your suction temp to be under 32 degrees F, the suction
pressure has to be 58 PSI or under. That's not going to happen with a system
that is overcharged, unless it has other problems.
A normal R22 system will have a "normal" suction pressure of 60 -
70psi.....most of the scroll systems are closer to 60psi. also remember that
when you have overcharge, and the temp drops on the suction line, the
pressure is going to drop also. What your talking about is only a slight
overcharge. With a gross overcharge, you have no superheat, and your ST is
going to be around 32 degrees or lower, and the entire compressor is going
to be sweating. I see a lot of that here.... "Billy-Joe-Jim-Bob" comes along
and says "Its no cooling, let me throw in a couple of pounds of that
freezone stuff"..... occasionally they will call him back 2 or 3 times, and
the only problem was the evap coil was dirty.
Try this... take a 10 SEER system, and dump in an extra 2 or 3 pounds of
refrigerant then take a set of readings, then get back to me.
Dirty evaporator... that's the OTHER problem, the overcharge wasn't the
cause of the freeze up.
Grossly overcharged... is 5-12 pounds enough? I have recovered that much
from a system to make it right! :-)
These systems all had noisy compressor's due to slugging.
Had one the other day... 2-3 pounds extra... compressor was slugging.
Sorry, I just can't see an overcharged air conditioner freezing.
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