So far as I can see, Hilti doesn't have anything on their website about
how "masonry drill bits" or "hammer drill bits" work
However, I did find this on Wikipedia under "Drill bits":
'Drill bit - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia'
The masonry bit shown here is a variation of the twist drill bit. The
bulk of the tool is a relatively soft steel, and is machined with a mill
rather than ground. An insert of tungsten carbide is brazed into the
steel to provide the cutting edges.
Masonry bits typically are used with a hammer drill, which hammers the
bit into the material being drilled as it rotates; the hammering breaks
up the masonry at the drill bit tip, and the rotating flutes carry away
the dust. Rotating the bit also brings the cutting edges onto a fresh
portion of the hole bottom with every hammer blow. Hammer drill bits
often use special shank shapes such as the SDS type, which allows the
bit to slide within the chuck when hammering, without the whole heavy
chuck executing the hammering motion.
Masonry bits of the style shown are commonly available in diameters from
5 mm to 40 mm. For larger diameters, core bits are used. Masonry bits up
to 1000 mm (39") long can be used with hand-portable power tools, and
are very effective for installing wiring and plumbing in existing
A star drill bit, similar in appearance and function to a hole punch or
chisel, is used as a hand powered drill in conjunction with a hammer to
drill into stone and masonry. A star drill bit's cutting edge consists
of several blades joined at the center to form a star pattern.
That describes what I've been saying except that the author refers to
the point on the tungsten carbide tip as being the "cutting edges".
While he uses the word "cutting", what he's describing is the
pulverizing of the masonry at the front of the bit by the tungsten
carbide chip, and the flutes of the bit carrying away the resulting
dust. Certainly, however you read the above, a hammering action is
essential to the operation of the drill bit. And, nothing there
suggests that there are cheap versions of masonry bits that are meant to
be used in rotary only drills, which was your premise.
If cheap masonry bits were intended to be used in a rotary only drills,
and cut by a different action than hammer drill bits, they would be
designed differently and would look different. The carbide tip on the
end of a cheap masonry bit and the carbide tip on the end of a high
quality hammer drill bit look similar enough to me for me to conclude
that they work the same way using exactly the same principles. If they
worked differently using different principles, they would be designed
differently and would look significantly different.
Masonry bits were widely available at a time when homeowners didn't
consider buying hammer drills. This alone tells me that this kind of
masonry bit doesn't have to "batter" what's in front of it. I've
drilled holes in mortar, brick, even concrete using such bits with a
non-hammer drill. It's tedious, but it works.
I would call the action grinding rather than either cutting or
HomeOwnersHub.com is a website for homeowners and building and maintenance pros. It is not affiliated with any of the manufacturers or service providers discussed here.
All logos and trade names are the property of their respective owners.