Here's wishing that everyone south of the 49th parallel(* See Note
Below), including those in Alaska, have a happy and safe Independance
Canada celebrated "Canada Day" last Monday on July 1st.
* The 49th parallel forms most of the border between the US and Canada,
and most maps don't show it, but the state of Minnesota actually extends
north of the 49th parallel for about 25 miles in an area called the
Most of the area of the Northwest Angle is water, and the land areas in
it are only accessible by boat or sea plane from the US. The land
within the Northwest Angle is mostly occupied by the Red Lake Indian
People entering the Northwest Angle by road have to check in with US
Customs officials by videophone at a small cabin located along the
US/Canada border. People going back into Canada have to do the same
thing with Canada customs at the same cabin.
Most people have never heard of the Northwest Angle. So far as I know,
it's the only place where the southern 49 contiuous states extend north
of the 49th parallel.
Thank you for those links.
I don't know if this will matter to you or not, but I wanted to mention
something about the "image" links that you post. In both this thread and
the thread entitled "Supplying Water to Toilet from Gravity Feed Tanks"
you provided links enclosed in brackets  and starting with the string
I was wondering if you add the string and the brackets or if your
The reason I ask is that the newsreader on my iPad does not play well
with urls of that format. For example, this link:
takes my iPad to www.enchantedlearning.com/nosuchfile.html
takes me to, well, nowhere. 404 - File not found.
The image links in the "Supplying Water..." thread both took my iPad to
the about.com home page.
What appears to be happening is that the iPad picks up the close-bracket
"]" as part of the url. Since that URL doesn't exist, how it is handled
is dependent on how the parent site itself deals with bad urls.
I know it's my issue, not yours, but since a.h.r doesn't support images,
if you are trying to get the images to display in your post by manually
by adding the string and brackets, it's not going to work. In addition,
it messes up some (well, at least my) newsreader.
Thanks again and enjoy whichever holidays you choose to celebrate.
I add them. But, I don't type "[image]", I put "[image: " immediately
before and "]" immediately after the URL of the image I want to include
in my post.
If you go to the very bottom of this page, you should see a little box
which has this text in it:
You may post new threads
You may post replies
You may post attachments
You may edit your posts
vB code is On
Smilies are On
[image: code is On
HTML code is Off
If you click on the "[IMG]" link in that box, it will show you how to
use those "[img]" and "]" codes to post images.
The vBulletin codes are for changing your text by _underlining_it_,
making it *bold* or -in italics- or changing the size or colour of
Smilies are for pasting happy face expressions into your posts. ;)
So, are you saying that no one else can see the images I'm including in
I thought everyone could see them. I can see them when I review my
posts after editing them.
I have always wondered how that happened. The official answer is usually -
surveyor's error. But since the border runs about 90 degrees to the 49th
parallel, up through a peninsula and back down again, it would have to be a
very drunk surveyor. It would appear that possibly some American official
had a retreat up there and wanted it to remain in the US when the actual
border line was determined. I understand that there was also some confusion
as the the actual border between New York state and Quebec province until it
was final surveyed and the actual line determined.
The initial establishment of Angle Township being in the United States was
due to a map-maker's error. Benjamin Franklin and British representatives
established the initial U.S. and Canadian borders in the Treaty of Paris in
1783 from the Mitchell Map of colonial American geographer John Mitchell,
which mis-represented the source of the Mississippi River.
The Treaty of Paris, concluded between the United States and Great Britain
at the end of the American Revolutionary War, stated that the boundary
between U.S. territory and the British possessions to the north would run
"...through the Lake of the Woods to the northwestern-most point thereof,
and from thence on a due west course to the river Mississippi..."
The parties did not suspect that the source of the Mississippi River, Lake
Itasca (then unknown to European explorers), was south of that point. The
entire Mississippi was too far south to be intersected by a line running
west from the Lake of the Woods. The parties had used the Mitchell Map
during the treaty negotiations; that map showed the Mississippi extending
far to the north. In the Anglo-American Convention of 1818, the error was
corrected by having the boundary run directly from the northwest point of
the lake to the 49th parallel and then westward along it. The
Webster-Ashburton Treaty of 1842 reaffirmed this border.
When a survey team led by David Thompson finally located the
northwestern-most point of the lake and surveyed this north-south line, it
was found to intersect other bays of the lake and therefore to form the
boundary of a section of U.S. territory to its east, now known as the
Due to contradictory acts of Congress, both Indiana and Michigan claimed
a strip less than five miles wide. They were going to actually go to
war over it when at the last moment Congress voted that the Indiana
claim was correct.
On Thursday, July 4, 2013 10:20:32 AM UTC-5, nestork wrote:
Thanks for the wish (and even using "neighbor" is very neighbourly!). My daughter is at the Coe College Wilderness Field Station and has most likely entered into Ontario's Quetico Provincial Park at this time.
I'm sure she will come back with knowledge of the "Northwest Angle"...and now I know...
Thank you for your felicitation.
However, you have ruined our current administrations plans to invade
Canada. The "Northwest Angle" was going to be his command center for
You do realize our imposter-in-chief has been informed of your
posting. I'm sure there are spooks from the CIA heading to your
location even as I type.
Run, nestork. Run.
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