I need to build several five-panel red oak interior doors and need to
find a larger set of matched rail/stile bits than I've currently got
for cabinet doors. The bits are for the panels in the 6/4 doors; the
rails and stiles will be joined with mortise and tenon joints.
I saw a set of these bits somewhere on the web last year but I can't
recall where. Anybody know where I might find something like this?
Steve Manes, Brooklyn, USA
Unfortunately, the Fine Woodworking article by Joseph Beals is no longer
in print, as it was an excellent primer on building doors without using
any cope and stick bits. Slip tenons, blind dadoed slots for the panels,
and hand-coped profiles. I have built 7 or so doors in this fashion, and
can vouch for its practicality.
You do the mortises in all pieces first, cut whatever profile, ogee or
half-round, etc, make your slip tenons sized to your mortise, and then
do the cope/stick work. Which means removing the profile on the stiles
where the rails will go, and then using a gouge to cope the profile on
the rails to the stiles. . .
Gee, that's hard work isn't it?
I see in books such as Loonie Birds ( I think) using a stub spindle and
some shaper cutter that can buzz it out.
But I never see these things for sale. ???
Now that I think about it, maybe a little gouge work wouldn't hurt.
I am considering doing new front doors for my house. And I want those
tennons to go right through. Like in days of old. Otherwise it seems to
me things would be stronger if the stiles were not full hieght but
rather the top and bottom rails were full width instead.
I use a router to remove the profile (the sticking part of cope and
stick) on the stiles where the rails go.
Ya, you just use a gouge as close as you can get to the radius of your
profile, if it's got a curve to it, or a chisel if it's straight.
You actually want to stop the tenons at least a 1/4" before going right
through, as well as using two tenons on the bottom rail. . .You would be
exposing lots of end grain running the rails long, not to mention flying
in the face of tradition! ;~)
I was just going to have a quarter round in there. Flat would be easy
but if I stuck a moulding in there after construction, I don't know if
it would rally be durable enough. And I'm building it for myself.
I can never remember the stick bit and cope and all that ,I suppose that
there is no logical reason for the names .
Several years ago I bought a set of cutters from grizzleguts and a raised
panel cutter, just added it into the cost of a job. At the time I thought
that they were bloody expensive but since have never regretted the purchase.
I have done many jobs with those cutters including several paneled rooms
including doors [ 1 3/8 interior doors with raised panels boths sides] . The
raised panel cutter has a small quarter round right where the chamfer meets
the field .my stile and rail cutters also feature a matching quarter round.
both the cope and stick [whatever that means] cutters and the raised panel
cutter are standard grizzleguts parts and aside from a chip or two in the
carbide they work fine .
A few pictures are of my crappy web site of a room I did using these cutters
HomeOwnersHub.com is a website for homeowners and building and maintenance pros. It is not affiliated with any of the manufacturers or service providers discussed here.
All logos and trade names are the property of their respective owners.