I just finished half of a 4" dust collecting system in my basement
shop. I attached it to my 1 1/2 HP dust collector last night and was
very disappointment with the results. The suction at the end of the
line is weak even when all blast gates but one are closed.
The collector is as centrally located as it could be given the
somewhat awkward layout of my basement. The ducts have 2-3 90s which
are unavoidable given the layout.
I could upgrade to a 3HP collector and practically double the cfm.
But, this would be costly.
Was it a mistake to think that a 1 1/2 HP collector would work for a
system of 4" ducts? I would prefer not to roll a dust collector
around when I am using the shop, but I am wondering if two 1 1/2 HP
collectors (one in either side of the shop) would give better results
than a single 3HP collector centrally located.
Thoughts would be appreciated.
Are you trying to collect chips (to avoid sweeping) or fine dust (to
protect your lungs)?
If you're looking to get the fine dust, then you would have been better
off with larger ducts (say 6" or so). The better 1.5HP collectors can
handle maybe 10-12 feet of 6" hose while still moving enough air.
Anything longer distances or smaller ducts and they will no longer move
enough air to do the job.
If you're stuck on the 4" ducts, then you pretty much need a LOT more
horsepower to move enough air. Clearvue makes a cyclone that will do
it, but it uses a 5HP motor.
Abrupt corners drastically cut down on the air flow. I have a Jet 1100CFM
collector with about the same hp rating and simply use 20' of flexible 4"
hose. I attach the hose to what ever machine I am using with the flared
slip fit fittings. Not a real purdy set up but it works well and well is
what I was looking for. A little more trouble also but it works well and,
well you know.
Over all I like the flexibility and performance of the set up.
Within a few seconds I can connect to my drill press, drum sander, router
table, 15" planer, mobile cabinet saw, OS Spindle and 12" disk sander, band
saw, and suck up debris on the floor at the end of the day.
1.5hp is pretty feeble. Then the 4" is inadequate. A 3hp will help, but it
won't do a great deal better over the 4" either. And of course 90s are
poison. Any way to change them to two 45s?
I have the same problems and haven't decided what to do about it either.
I am "planning" on getting a 3hp cyclone (JDS?) and ungrading my plumbing
one of these days; but first I have to install a subpanel to handle the 3hp,
so it won't be tomorrow.
When I bought the 1.5hp I already had a 1hp and found another 1hp really
cheap. I thought about running two 1hps, but decided it was too noisy and
clumsy. Getting the 1.5hp turned out to be a mistake also, but that is how
I have a similar set up and use 4" PVC sewer and drain. Has a nice smooth
The flex hose that accordians, will knock down the CFM tremendously so
you'll want to minimize its use. If those are your long runs it will kill
If you have a bag DC, a way to significantly increase CFM is to replace it
with a filter. Bags are about 30ft2 and filter is 300ft2 so 10x less air
resistance and huge improvement in CFM. Try Wynn Environmental for the some
DC retrofit kits. $91 will get you a kit that can probably fit easily on
I do have a bag DC (delta). I think a filter would be a good start
and could be transferred to a 3HP DC should I take this route.
In fact (in reference to another poster) I do have pipes on the
ceiling. With a 1 1/2 HP DC.
On 26 Apr 2007 07:24:29 -0700, email@example.com wrote:
There are many factors that can degrade a DC system. Blast gates
leak, tubing leaks, sharp turns, length of tubes, ribbed pipes, pipe
diameter, etc. If there are any pipes lifting more than 4-5 feet,
then 1.5 HP is just not enough. Don't even think about pipes near the
ceiling unless you have a 3HP DC. Two DCs will help, but not if you
have a >4 foot lift.
Depends on the dust collector quality.
I have a Jet DC1200 w/ canister, 6" metal pipe at the ceiling, staying
6" all the way to my machines, with a trash can cyclone next to the DC.
All joints are riveted and sealed with aluminum tape.
My table saw is at the end of ~ 25 ft of pipe, and has a 7' lift. All I
see in the clear 6" flex pipe near the saw is a few crumbs. My DJ-20's
clear flex section, at the end of 20' of pipe, has nothing at all left
after shutting the DC off.
The TS drop rises at about a 70 degree angle to a wye, with the other
leg connected to shop-made overhead guard, the jointer drop is a much
shallower slope. I use 6" gates and only one leg at a time.
I have a 5" metal pipe system. When I built a trash can cyclone with
5" in/outlets my Penn State 1 1/2hp DC scours out the trash can.
Believe me, I have modified every variable as to length of outlet tube
and inlet angle with same results. It will only work if I reduce the
5" in/outlets to 4", then it works fine but only gets the chips.
Please describe how you built your 6" trashcan separator if possible.
I ran the 6" pipe to short 6" flex ducts to 6->4" metal reducers.
The intake comes from the ceiling via a straight metal drop and a short
6" flex. ~ 2-1/2 to 3 ft of 6" smooth walled flex hose connects the can
to the DC. There is one 4" elbow inside the trashcan, on the intake
side. The 6" flex hoses help facilitate emptying the can.
The can can get ~ 2/3 full before larger chips get sucked into the main
DC. More smaller chips got left in the can when I had 4" pipe, but I
can live with it due to the superior overall performance.
Are you sure you can't replace the 90's with sequential 45's? On my
initial install I had three 90's too, but after using it for a few
weeks and "studying" the layout I eventualy came up with replacing all
but one with sequential 45's. I'm using a 1&1/2 hp system too, 4 inch
plastic pipe and 8 separate blast gates. My longest run is about 35
feet total length which sometimes services a jointer or planer or
router table. Almost all of the dust and chips are sucked up. My DC
is located outside of my main shop in my future sanding/turning room.
I have an air return back to the main room (it's filter too). No
problems with only one gate open. Sometimes when I'm routing I use
two gates- one below in the table and the second on the surface.
On Apr 26, 10:24 am, firstname.lastname@example.org wrote:
On 26 Apr 2007 07:24:29 -0700, email@example.com wrote:
Air VELOCITY, not volume, is the key for sawdust and other light
material. A 4" duct is waaayy too big. Prof. DC systems, like those
used on floor sanding operations, use 28mm hoses for optimum results.
On Tue, 18 Dec 2018 12:07:27 -0600, firstname.lastname@example.org (Jerry
Maybe this is what he meant?
"If I reduce my 4 inch to 2 0r 2-1/2 inch hose, could my 1-1/2
h.p.Delta collector work?"
A: It could work but not likely. Collectors aren't shop vacs.
High-volume at low-pressure. Shop vacs are rather the opposite.
Different tools. Necking down a collector doesn't increase the
velocity of the air all that much. But, hey, anything is worth a try
if it's not working now.
Not sure what your trying to say, but, I have a 1/2 hp motor on my
collector, it runs though 5 90's and about 30'- 40' of 4" PVC pipe to a
40 gallon pre-filter drum with numerous ports from 2 1/2" to 4". the
ports connect to router table, shaper, TS, BS, 6" jointer, 15" planer,
36" belt sander, 10" disk sander. Been using this set up for over 40 years.
First, it is not powerful like a shop vac. Has lots of volume but won't
suck up nails, screws and what not. It works great with all wood dust
and chips. I built this system before knowing you needed a million hp
motor,no leaks, few turns and no corrugated piping in a dust collector
system. I get almost zero clogs. Recently the TS clogged up and turns
out a cloth rag got sucked halfway though the 3" pipe. It's a complete
mystery how the rag got in there, it had to fall in when the blade and
insert were out?
I actually think it works better with low pressure because only very
fine powder makes it to to the filter. Anything larger than powder stays
in the pre-filter drum. Fan blades never see anything other than clean air.
I sometimes use it to sweep up the floor but prefer the shop vac that
sweeps up everything, including metal, screws, pencils and so on. All
duct work is simply connected, no glue, no tape, no worries about
sucking air, although I doubt much outside air is sucked into it.
My system would not work in a commercial shop where 20 tools are
connected at once, but I run one tool at a time, super power is
absolutely not needed. I can plane a 15" board and it doesn't even
blink (segmented spiral cutter of course).
Tolerance is the virtue of the man without convictions.
On Thursday, April 26, 2007 at 9:24:29 AM UTC-5, email@example.com wrote:
I have a similar system, with a couple more 45's than I really want, but th
e system works pretty good.
You are right, its not giving you the through put you wanted. I had a simi
lar setup and problem. Liking my lungs, I dumped the (almost ain't no bag
there) bag that came with my HF 1.5hp/1250cfm (in your dreams) dust collect
or and put a .5micron bag on it. Through put really did not go down all th
at much, but was not what I wanted either.
So, I thought, why not make a two bag system out of it, double the through
put, right? Not really, though through put did increase.
So, discarded the bag and ducted the discharge outside into small (3x3x5')
building with a 39gal garbage can in in to catch any chips that got through
the cyclone. To keep things from getting too uncontrolled, I covered the
garbage can with burlap, thinking with the holes in it, the chips will be
contained but the pressure and dust can vent.
Imagine my surprise when I realized the burlap was choking the system down.
So, I removed the burlap and the cfm went way up.
Then, unknown to me, the wife was cleaning the little building of the overf
low from when the collection can on the cyclone had gotten full, without my
realizing it.. I flipped the switch on the DC and almost blew her out of
the building (yeah, I know, but there was a lot of air coming through the
pipe.). It seems the back pressure from the garbage can was really cutting
into the through put. As I had vent area under the door and in the back o
f the building. I removed the can and shut the door. Through put remained
so high that HF CD was getting near 1,100 CFM.
The only trick is, you need to be able to vent outside.
Current setup is: 4"PVC ducting (schedule 40), with 45degree angles, flex
pipe connecting the machines, cyclone and collection can, 1.5hp HF motor/im
peller and 4" discharge pipe into the exterior building.
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