I am installing lamps in front of my gruage. I have the wires run,
and I am putting in the boxes now. I have two 4in boxes that I want
to install. Is it required (code) that the boxes sit directly behind
the lamps or can they be offset?
But they don't have to be centered. There's no proscription I'm aware
of that would prevent a mounted offset/larger box and the lamp mounted
The box obviously has to have appropriate cover, and the fixture mounted
as it is designed to be mounted but there's nothing that says that it
absolutely has to go _directly_ into the middle of the box afaik.
In all likelyhood if there is room for a larger box then there is room
to put a normal box behind the desired light location. For the op's
purposes I think it needs to be clear that the fixture mounts on top
of the box. Now if he has space issues it would be ok to put a
shallow box in as long as the light is the end run of a piece of 14/2.
I would presume the issue is one of making location of mounted light
visually symmetric or similar but stud or existing location makes that
more difficult than otherwise.
The point is there are lots of things that would be acceptable other
than the most direct straight-ahead mount the light in the center of the
box -- the "no exceptions" to that was the point of the response.
Sorry but it seems very unlikely that the op was referring to a
problem that would be solved with a large box/offset fixture mount/
cover. I believe the cover would need to remain accessible to meet
code and that would not be very aesthetically pleasing. In
practically speaking all normal situation the box needs to be placed
behind the fixture. If there is a stud/studs then a shallow box could
be used and the fixture would still be placed on top of it. You're
just arguing a point that doesn't really contribute any to helping the
op solve what ever problem they have. And it needs to be clear to the
op that you do not connect the wires from the fixture and then wood
screw the fixture onto the wall any old place. The box and fixture
need to connect to each other with the wire connections inside.
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