I did not try to follow your explanation.
The big issue is how to switch the light. There are two methods
of getting a light to work. You need to figure out which one you
do have. If you do not understand this completely, get an
Method one. A colored hot and white neutral to the light. A
chunk of Romex with a white/black/bare that is used as a switch
leg to the switch you flip. The chunk of Romex interrupts the
colored hot between panel and light fixture. The chunk of Romex
makes both the black and the white hot leads, the black on one
screw of the switch/white on the other interrupting the hot of the
Method two. A colored hot and a white neutral to the switch. A
hot going through the switch to the light. A neutral going
through the box to the light.
All greens and bares wire together.
Each recep needs a hot and a neutral.
Each light needs a hot and a neutral.
These hots and neutrals do not have to be different circuits,
though it is nice to have lights on one and receps on another.
Load requirements may demand separate receptacle circuits.
You need to interrupt the hot going to a light with a switch.
Keep the whole world singing . . . .
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