Which old tests weren't valid, specifically? And why?
That they weren't necessarily representative of average driving doesn't
mean they were "invalid tests"; it simply means they were of value only
as comparative to each other for those circumstances. Assuming you're
talking of the previous EPA Standard tests, that's no different than the
current tests--only the test conditions have changed, nothing about the
administration or control of the test data, etc.
Valid in the manner they were tested. A real auto enthusiast knew they were
not real life accurate but they were consistent. If Brand A said 25 mpg and
brand B was rated at 30 mpg, you knew brand A was a realistic 21 mpg and the
other was a realistic 25. The trouble comes from the people that actually
believed the numbers and were disappointed when they could not achieve them.
A for getting them changed, it was a lose/win situation. Marketing would
lose because they could not brag about the high mileage cars they sold, but
the dealer would have to win with fewer complaints about not getting what
the sticker said they'd get.
on hot water tanks, in pennsylvania theres no sales tax on a installed
tank, but 7% if you take home and install yourself.
$28 on a 400 buck tank. that taken off install price can make doing it
yourself not worth the effort.
sales tax has lots of wierd rules
Not true. I had a business in PA and when I bought material to install it, I
had to pay the tax. I did not have to charge the customer tax on either the
merchandise or my labor.
In my other business, I was a reseller and charged the tax I would then
file a tax exemption and not pay to my supplier, but I had to collect and
forward the tax to the state.
If you look at the tax exemption form, certain items are exempt, such as
material used in manufacturing. Office supplies are taxable, as are
computers, etc. If sales tax is not due, use tax is. Businesses are
audited on a regular basis. As a consumer, you may avoid the tax on mail
order buys, but a business will be caught faster than the home consumer.
PA Form 1220 spells out the exemptions. Manufacturing, mining, farming,
shipbuilding, and specificaly points out no exemption for property used in
contructing, repairing, remodeling.
The differentiantion is not hot or cold, it is ingredient versus prepared
foods, be they hot or cold. That cold sandwich is still taxable.
On Fri, 15 Feb 2008 18:55:22 -0800 (PST), firstname.lastname@example.org wrote:
Home depot told me there was sales tax on everything except the permit.
They tax the heater at 8.75%, they tax the $400 service at the same rate so
just the tax is about $70 USD (assuming a $400 heater + $400 service).
Given the permit is a tax of its own kind, I'm kind'a surprised they don't
tax the tax out here.
Anyone with access to the web can look up how the tests are done. The
testing protocols are federally mandated, everyone must use the same test,
10%-15% of the tests are confirmed by the EPA, and the only mileage figures
the manufacturers can advertise are the ones coming out of the tests.
Vehicles weighing over 8500 pounds (vehicle, all fluids, maximum carrying
capacity) are exempt from testing.
It is HEAVILY dependent on driving style. In daily commuting (DC
traffic, lots of accelerating/slowing down) I get horrible mileage but
I too was getting about 30 MPG over the holidays, driving back and
forth to visit my parents (90% highway) same drivetrain as you, '05
I still post there occasionally, but a lot of the intelligent regulars
have left and a lot of idiots and trolls have moved in :( The Impala
is a company provided vehicle, I don't have any MoPars at the moment
as my old Dart was a complete beater and not worth restoring, and
prices of good ones are rising. I do have a Porsche 944 that I bought
as a daily beater before I got a job with a company car, and my "real"
car is a '55 Studebaker - just as bulletproof as a MoPar, but
apparently not as collectible yet, so prices are still reasonable. Of
course, it's still somewhat apart after I lost my mind after a simple
gasket replacement turned into a drivetrain replacement...
I was thinking about an Impala as my next used car, but have to check
out the 3.4 first. Might go for a Malibu which I can get with a 3.1.
In 2005 I rented a Malibu with 2.2 for a Florida trip and got 34mpg
highway. Seemed less thirsty in the city than a six, and had plenty
of power for me. I was surprised when I checked the oil before the
trip, and found it was a 2.2. A lot different than the 2.2 I have in
the '90 Corsica. Much quieter and more powerful.
I'm not particularly enamored of the Impala to be perfectly honest with
you... it's a little underpowered, doesn't handle well, is very loud
inside, and has lots of little ergonomic glitches. Plus I've heard the
3800 is the engine to get, not the 3.4. The newer (06-up) cars have a
3.5 as the base engine and at least one of my complaints (awful door
handles that eat your fingernails) has been fixed, although I haven't
Of course, I may be biased as my previous two daily drivers were a
Porsche 944 and a VW GTI 1.8T, so I may be slightly spoiled by good cars...
replace "roosters" with "cox" to reply.
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