I am going to lay about 300 sq ft of pavers. Will be using a compacted
crushed stone subbase then sand then pavers. Most sources say to use
4-6 inches of subbase material then compact. My question is, how deep
will that 4-6 inches of loose crushed stone be once it is compacted? I
need to know this in order to know how much to excavate. Thanks a lot.
I think you should shoot for 4" to 6" of compacted crushed stone.
Don't worry about how much it will compact, use it and adjust it's
thickness to set your subgrade.
Do use crushed stone (also called ABC for aggregate base course) which
has all the different sizes of stone and fines. It compacts the best
and all the angular pieces lock together for a firm surface. Keep the
material slightly wet for best compaction. Don't use a stone all of
one size. It doesn't compact well and has a tendency to roll.
There is not much airspace in base rock. It dosen't compact much. 5%-10% I
would guess (not having a verifiable figure). 4" to 6" is a 33% range,
shouldn't be hard to hit that mark. Order enough for 6" and don't worry if
you get 5.5".
How much you need is mainly dertermined by the undisturbed soil benieth. If
you live on sandy or swampy ground, you need a little more base but if it is
hard packed clay, maybe you need a little less.
Compact the soil under the base too, especially if it has been disturbed
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