Thanks for this improved list, with brand name examples!
10 most common household "adhesives"
* poly vinyl alcohol ("Elmers", white, yellow, for rigid wood, cardboard)
styrene butadiene rubber ("Shoe Goo", flexible leather cloth repair)
* poly epoxide ("JB-Weld, 2-part, for porcelain)
ethyl cyano acrylate ("Krazy", fast repairs, tight fit)
* latex rubber cement ("brand?", paper that can't get wet, easily removed)
thermoplastic ("brand?", hot-melt glue)
* polyurethane ("Gorilla", foamy, water cured)
pvc cement ("Oatey", 2 part, primer + solvent)
How does the list look? (Did I include everyone's suggestions?)