I have ALWAYS heard .7V for Si. Bridge rectifiers drop 1.4V (2 diodes in series). I have even measured this in real circuits.

That applies to resistors (including the series resistor used with a zener diode or LED). A diode is a voltage regulator, keeping a constant voltage across it.
It you have a wall-wart DC supply, with a diode in series with the output (correct polarity). The output voltage will always be .7V lower than the output of the wall wart. The diode does have a current limit (1A with the common 1N4001 diodes) that needs to be observed.
BTW, I've also used diodes on AC to make a bulb light with half brightness. Maybe you can figure out why 2 diodes DON'T give you quarter brightness. The diode is a 1N4004 (1A, 200PIV). LEDs are diodes (although with higher forward voltages). A LED would destroy itself trying to maintain that voltage, without a series resistor.

Yes. A shunt regulator would normally be used only for a small load, because of the inefficiency of it.
One time I needed to supply 12V @ 1A and 6V @ 50mA to a circuit. I used a series regulator (7812) for the 12V and a small shunt regulator (zener diode) for the 6V.
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51 days until the winter solstice celebration

Mark Lloyd
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I've measured 0.6 to 0.8 dependant on load etc...
0.2 is for germnanium diodes. 0.3 for schottky
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Bye.
Jasen
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says...

Of course, which means they do _not_ regulate in any way.

Depends on current. Germanium diodes have a weaker knee. We always used .3V as a rule-of-thumb for Germanium.
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Keith

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