I have to place a dryer 10 feet from it's plug in, breaker dedicated
outlet. I would like to use this cord:
(Amazon.com product link shortened)
Some say this is safe, others say it's not. I'd like your opinion.
I currently have a gas dryer, but need additonal capacity.
On Friday, June 2, 2017 at 11:54:49 AM UTC-4, Boris wrote:
Why are some saying it's not safe? As long as the dryer is
rated at 30A or less, I see nothing wrong with it. Using
a 10 ft cord is a bit unusual, but as long as you locate it
and use it responsibly, I don't see a problem.
What reason did they give for it not being safe ?
It is a 3 wire cord which meets the old standard. Newer rules say that
the cords must be 4 wires to be safer, but the old 3 wire standard is ok
of not upgrading the house wiring. Is that the reason ?
As long as the cord is rated for dryer service and the current rating is
not exceeded, I do not see any problem. Seems that it has over a 4 star
rating, so should be fine for your case.
Overheating is not an issue at all. The heat distribution from voltage
drop will be exactly as it would be with a 3 foot cord and in a 10ga
wire that is negligible anyway. Dryers only pull about 21-22a.
The only code would apply to the part in the wall. If a 3 wire
receptacle was installed per the 1996 or earlier code it is perfectly
legal to use.
If you are in Chicago, there may be a 6' limit to any cord tho. That
is just Chicago tho.
The 3-wire cord (L1, L2 and Neutral) has no ground conductor so it connects the metal dryer cabinet to your power company's neutral wire. All is well as long as your power company neutral connection doesn't fail. If/when the power company neutral fails,
the neutral's voltage can rise to near line voltage which means the voltage on the metal cabinet of your dryer will rise as well. Obviously an unsafe condition.
The 4-wire cord (L1, L2, Neutral and Ground) adds a ground conductor so that the metal dryer cabinet is bonded to your homes ground rod system. The neutral wire in the 4-wire cable is NOT connected to your dryer's cabinet. With a 4-wire cord, if the power
company Neutral connection fails and the voltage rises on the Neutral, your dryer cabinet will remain at zero volts.
So, I guess your 3-wire cable is safe until you lose the power company Neutral connection...then things become not-so-safe.
Since the neutral and ground are bonded at the service entrance, that
is a distinction without a difference. In fact, when the 3 wire plug
was legal the neutral was required to originate on the same bus as the
main bonding jumper.
If the utility neutral opens, you are depending on the integrity of
the grounding system either way.
The exception for ranges and dryers came during WWII when copper was
in short supply and they decided the danger of sharing the neutral on
these particular circuits was minimal.The reality is there was never a
significant body count for over a half a century but Phil Simmonds on
the CMP that handles article 250 said the war was over in the 96 ROP
and the NFPA panel agreed. The official reason was just to be
consistent with the rule you imply.
Not exactly. The line to neutral load on a dryer or range circuit is a
fraction of what it is in a pure 120v circuit, compared to wire size,
so the voltage drop on the neutral (rise above ground in this case) is
far less. There is also the problem on a 120v circuit that if someone
swapped neutral and ground along the way, you are putting 120v
directly on the case of your equipment and a 3 light tester will still
Long ago I got a shock at work hooking up a network cable.
In those days we used shielded bi-ax. I had one hand on the end of the cab
le and grabbed another cable to connect to the next computer downstream.
Well, the first computer had hot and neutral switched, and the case was hot
. The second computer was wired correctly, and the case was at ground or n
eutral (not sure - could be both.) So the cable shield made a path from ch
assis to chassis.
If the first computer also had a ground connection, it should have tripped
the breaker when we plugged it in. There was no separate ground wire on th
at three prong/hole outlet. The safety ground was theoretically supplied b
y metallic conduit, and there wasn't continuity all the way back. That sho
ws one possible problem with not having a safety ground at the outlet.
On Mon, 5 Jun 2017 07:26:10 -0700 (PDT), firstname.lastname@example.org wrote:
Since the 60s, most of those 6-30 three prong receptacles are
actually connected to 10/3-wg Romex anyway since that was the standard
way it was manufactured. If you look in the box, you may see the bare
ground bonded to the box and the neutral connected to the receptacle.
Because of the higher temperature/ampacity ratings, stoves may still
be wired with SE cable (2 wire plus ground)
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