If you tie gauze bags around the flower buds and carefully remove
the anthers as soon as the flowers start to open, you might be able
to obtain apomictic seeds from the fruit (seeds produced without
pollination). Citrus very often yield fertile apomictic seeds.
These would indeed produce plants the same as their parents.
The usual way to propagate citrus is to create a rootstock from a
seedling (which often is unlike its parents if the flowers were
pollinated) and then graft or bud the desired variety onto the
With a somewhat incompatible rootstock, you can create dwarf trees
from varieties that are normally not dwarfed. That is how my
'Eureka' lemon, 'Robertson' navel orange, and kumquat are all
dwarfed. I have had the lemon more than 35 years, and it's about 3
feet from soil to top. Yet it bears full-sized lemons; one year I
got over 60 lemons from it.
However, all three of my citrus were bought from a nursery. While
I'm generally successful with rooting perennial cuttings, I have
very poor luck with woody plants. I have never been successful
with either budding or grafting.
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