1351 Strange machine... Parts are robust, other parts flimsy and badly
designed. Whatever goes in the box must be soft and light or the machine
will destroy itself.
1352 Capstan. Was it moved? Or were the skylights installed after it was
1353 Gauge... perhaps for rope? In keeping with the ship theme of the
1356 12" long... really? The first is primarily a gauge, also used as a
hammer. The second is a hammer, marked as a convenience crude ruler.
1351- well, lets wsee what one can see...
Power goes in on the upper shaft, drives a wooden cam with roller
followers that looks like it moves a shuttle back-and-forth in the
bottom of the box, the mainshaft spins the pegs in the box, and also
drives a cam on the end of the mainshaft that operates a sliding-door
or cutter on the unobservable end of the box.
I'd guess its for measuring out consistent portions of grain or seed.
O.K. I've got the filters set so they don't block your original
announcement now. I think that it was the gmail address which was doing
Anyway -- posting from Rec.crafts.metalworking as usual.
1351) Interesting thing. I think that it was for sorting grain,
beans or perhaps gravel.
Two vertical shafts. One rotates a multi-tined stirrer, and the
other shakes something at the bottom -- which I think is a
screen selected to allow smaller parts through and keep larger
ones up top.
It also seems to have two cams at the left-hand end, which
operate something else to assist the sorting. I would like a
view from that end to see what the cams do.
Input power is through the gear on the right-hand end, and there
seems to be other things missing which carry the power source.
1352) Very obviously a capstan -- used for pulling on long ropes or
chains for either raising the anchor or for pulling up to a dock
under certain conditions. Could also be used for raising sail
under really awkward conditions.
Sailors stick square-ended wooden shafts into the square holes
around the top (called "pigeon holes") and walk around it (often
two to a shaft for the heavier loads). What is not clear from
the photos is that it has a ratchet assembly at the bottom to
keep it from moving backwards at a sudden increase of load and
tossing the sailors around the deck.
The line (or chain) is wrapped a few turns around the waist and
then more sailors pull on it (tailing) to keep it tight around
the barrel of the capstan.
And they were more often used on sailing ships such as the one
shown in the second photo, because for steam powered ships there
was the ability to take power from the engines for this task.
There was another style in which the barrel was horizontal, and
the sailors would stick the bars in the pigeon holes from on top
of a platform and then jump over the capstan letting their
weight turn it.
1353) Hmm ... for measuring something. It could be used for
measuring the end of a cut-off rope, or for measuring fairly
large sized bolts. It covers too wide a range to be likely to
be used for sizing eggs.
1354) Hmm ... a bit small to be what it first looks like (before
seeing the underside) -- a cleat for attaching and tying off a
So -- looking at the top which appears to have deformed from
many hammer blows, I think that it is intended to drive
something into place or to flatten something.
1355) Unless you have reversed the photo for artistic purposes, the
thumbscrew appears to have a left-hand thread. This suggests
that the thumbscrew is turned to draw the moving part guided by
the two smooth rods upwards towards the screw.
I think that it is intended to squeeze some form of foodstuff
through the holes sort of like a garlic press or a potato ricer.
Given the size, perhaps it is a garlic press.
1356) Hmm ... the first one appears to be used to measure hole
diameters or spacings between two surfaces.
The second one could perhaps be used for the latter, but not the
former given the expanded diameter faces on each end.
I'm not sure why they are formatted as hammers, unless they are
used to tap something into position and measure that position
with the same tool, leaving another tool to lock them in place.
Now off to see what others have guessed.
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1351 - According to the brass placard, this is a "William A. ....
Machine." What it does, beyond have an eccentric that moves a strap
back and forth and another that makes a pin go up and down and a bunch
of pegs that spin in a box, I have no idea.
1352 - Capstan, probably used to raise the anchor and maybe for other
1353 - Maybe a standard for measuring bullets or balls for guns.
1354 - It's a cast thingamabober; my first thought is a cleat to tie a
rope off on, but there doesn't seem to be an obvious sufficiently strong
mount for that use.
1355 - Watchmaker's and/or Carver's pin vice; metal pins get inserted
into whatever of the holes are convenient for the object being worked
on, and then the thumbscrew tightened to clamp around it. Thus, this is
essentially a way of attaching a handle to some otherwise hard to
manipulate item. (It appears the handle part could also be removable,
probably to allow the vice part to be mounted solidly, such as by
clamping it in a machinist's vice or attaching it to a workbench.)
1356 - Bore gauge. What you'd use it to gauge is not entirely clear;
it's too small diameter for engine cylinders, so maybe pipe or tube
inside diameters? Maybe wood thicknesses and dowel hole sizes?
The second appears to be a tack or similar hammer with a rough scale
engraved on the head; perhaps for upholsterers to space tacks
Now to read other ideas...
"He is no fool who gives what he cannot keep to gain that which he cannot
1352 is a windlass. handles go in recangular holes, man on the end of
line wrapped around the bottom and used to pull things like
1355 - jewelry engrave/ stone setter vise. Notched pins fit in three,
or more holes and vise tightened to grip the edge of sheet
1351) Is this a model of a threshing machine? The rods in the compartment do
the threshing. The second gear seems to operate a cam shaft which moves
?sieve under the compartment
1352) Capstan. 'Nuff said.
1353) A device to determine a correct size of old British coinage. The sizes
would fit for a half-crown, two-shilling, one-shilling piece, a sixpence,
three-pence, penny and a half-penny. Or a farthing...Presumably an undersize
coin will pass through the opening and is rejected.
1355) Jewellers hand vise (pin vise)
1356) Something to do with sizing rings?
This machine is not for processing any type of grain or plant material.
I thought that this might turn out to be the answer until I sent it to the
owner, and he replied:
"Only the half-farthing and the florin fitted the holes, all the others were
way too big (or small) to make any sense."
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