Small holes are probably the work of flea beetles. They look like small
black dots, and jump very quickly when threatened, hence the "flea" part. I
haven't yet found a good low impact remedy for them, aside from squishing.
It helps to delay planting, as the beetles seem to reach a population peak
in late spring/early summer. Large holes could be slugs. Go out after dark
and check around. Sluggo works very well, and is not toxic to birds and
mammals. A quick fix, until you can get some Sluggo, is a mix of one part
household ammonia and 4 parts water, put into a labeled spray bottle and
sprayed directly on the slugs. It dissolves their slime coat in a very
Something I've seen on my eggplants for the first time this year is a small
green worm of the type we've always called an inchworm--someone probably
knows the correct name for it. Squishing works well for those also.
Earwigs are another possibility. Check for them at night also. Soap spray,
a direct hit, works well on them.
The good news is that if you can get your transplants through the first few
weeks, they start to grow rapidly and toughen up, and seem to be much less
attractive to pests.
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