New Code here requires Arc Fault breakers on circuits in bedrooms. I
haven't put one in yet as the B/rooms are unfinished so I temporarily have a
regular 15A breaker in the panel to give me power as I finish the rooms.
I propose to put a GFI outlet in the same circuit, to be used to plug in a
small pump for a water feature in one of the rooms, so my questions are:
1.Do I need a GFI outlet in the circuit or does the "Arc fault" protection
in the panel breaker cover the submersible pump ?
2.Would the GFI "work" as expected in the Arc Fault Circuit or if it
tripped, would it also trip the Arc Fault breaker ?
I think I read here that the Arc Fault is less sensitive than the GFI so in
theory, IS the answer to my Q2 "No" for that reason ?
So the safety factor provided by the Arc fault breaker, renders the use of
an extra GFI outlet within the same circuit (even though it will be powering
pump in a water feature) redundant ? What if I were to run a line off the
Arc fault circuit to "outside" and put a similar water feature outside in
the garden ? Is the GFI still not required ?
(The 2008 NEC expands AFCI use well beyond bedrooms.)
The answer is maybe. AFCIs are required to have ground fault protection
at 50mA (but usually provided at 30mA). The GFCI works fine on an AFCI
circuit. If the leakage is over 50/30mA both may trip.
What shock hazard does the "water feature" introduce. Areas that require
a GFCI generally have a 'ground' readily available (water pipes,
concrete floor, earth).
A water pump doesn't necessarily introduce a shock hazard. Aquariums are
not noted for being dangerous. If there is significant shock hazard add
A GFCI is specifically required for outside outlets.
I believe you now need a GFCI in wet locations, so AFCI breaker for bedroom,
then GFCI outlet for water feature in bedroom.
Arc fault detects "sparking", whereas GFCI detects you being electrocuted.
So if the sparks are flying, the AFCI will turn off power. If you are being
electrocuted, the GFCI will turn off power.
If the GFCI trips, it should not trip the AFCI so far as I know.
"Rudy" wrote in message
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