Is that based on a survey of expectations or on actual commute times? A
survey isn't of much use; everyone wants a shorter commute. From what I've
seen of actual commute times, transit users accept much longer commute
times than POV commuters.
Even so, the data I've seen isn't of much use but it does point us in the
right direction. A better comparison would be actual commute times for
transit and POV users broken down by income level and possibly urban area.
I haven't been able to find such data.
I think there is a variety that's smaller, developed specifically for small
gardens. That would be worth looking into.
A garage top could also be turned into a good habitat for birds and so on.
Planted right, it could also be very private. On the periphery, one could
use dwarf varieties of flowering shrubs, small/miniature trees (some
varieties only go to 5' or so), tall clumping (not running!) ornamental
grasses. If you go for things that are scented, that's an added dimension
which poeple (and from what I've seen, most landscapers) overlook.
There are resin planters that look very much like concrete or ceramic
(etc.) ones, which offers the possibility of even more diversity - you can
grow vegetables in those, for example, even miniature fruit trees.
A small garden area is challenging but IMO loads of fun to plan. You couod
arrange for privacy, plus an area for sunbathing, plus some veggies and
some fruit, and so on and so forth.
Sounds like fun!
Yup :) !
The miracle of grafting. I can't recall, tho', whether the grafts have to
be all citrus-relatives (i.e., orange, lemon, lime), all plum-relatives
(plum, apricot, peach), all apple-relatives, etc., or whether you can mix
citrus with plum with apple.
You can also get miniature pomegranat, but I don't know whether pomegranat
has ever been co-grafted with any other fruits.
Geez I love plants, and picturing how the different ones would look in
various locations/proximities, how they grow and change, and everything.
((It appalls me to see some of the things done by so-called "landscapers" -
some are OK but so many are just awful, no sense at all for color balance,
climate appropriateness, blooming or color periods, or even the simplest
basics of soil amendment - you wouldn't beleive how many times I go thorugh
what poeple think of as "a pretty neighborhood" and see what I think of as
mistake after mistake after mistake =>:-p ))
Anyhoo, grafting is not evtremely mysterious, the info is in any
landscaping/gardening/landscape-design book worth its salt. OTOH grafts
are readily available, too. I think (if I remeber correctly) that most
roses, at least most cold-hardy ones, are grafts. I'd have to read up on
it all again tho'. ((As tho' that'd be such torture for me <L!>))
So the multi-fruit trees, going back to the topic, are grafts. I've
forgotten what the rootstock is (that's why we have books tho' :) ). If I
knew I was going to stay in a warm climate, I'd like some patio containers
with Citrus. There was something I got to try while in California, it was
a lemon but the interior was green like a lime, and the fruit could be
eaten off the rind, because it was less acidic than a common lemon.
Unfortunately, I've forgotten the name :( .
Citrus also attracts butterflies and, if I remember correctly,
hummingbirds. Plus the scent is wonderful. Even the ripening fruit smells
So for a warm climate, I'd definitely recommend citrus, and for a small
garden, your suggestion also, miniature citrus including multi-fruit graft
Honeysuckle - at least, the old wild kind, not the recent cultivars - are
fun in that they smell great plus, if you pick the flower at the base,
pinch off the bottom, and pull out the ?anther? (I think that's the long
thing), a big thick drop of nectar comes out that is slight spicy as well
as sweet. That's fun for the kids (and adults when nobody is watching
<g>). The problem is that it is sometimes considered "invasive" because
the vines grow so large. OTOH it's one way to add privacy during the
growing season - grow it on a trellis or fence. It takes a lot of
trimming, if one wishes to do that.
Uh-oh, I'd better not get started on plants tho'. I'll be here for three
days without moving <LOL!>
There are 4 Tree Types
1.. Stonefruit which grows peaches, plums, nectarines, apricots, peachcots
2.. Citrus which grows oranges, mandarins, lemons, limes, grapefruits,
3.. Multi apples only
4.. Multi nashi fruit only
I know that there is graft in the rose industry. Clueless as to where it has
spread it's tendrils.
Ah, OK - it would make sense to try to keep the fruits in the same family,
so that one doesn't have to try to accomidate needs that might be
Oh yeah, one also has to be sure to not confuse "miniature fruit trees"
with "trees that bear miniature fruit".
AH, the Pomegranate. Related to the rose, the pomegranate produces a fruit
that is very similar to a "mega-rose-hip", consisting of a red-skinned
cellulose (some describe it as "fleshy" but it reminds me more of dense
styrofoam) holding a large number of seeds in a pip-like body, apx. 5/8"
long and 3-4/8" cross-sectional diameter. The pip is filled with juice,
and is the part that's eaten. The seeds are also edible, and some
cuisines, such as Indian, use the seeds (usually finely ground) in cooking
as a flavoring and (if I recall correctly) as a lihgt thickener (not sure
of the latter, tho').
The juice has a tart sweetness that's most similar to cranberry.
To eat a pomegranate, note where the sections are - there are, I think,
five, that bulge out somewhat longitudinally. Open the fruit by avoiding
those, and slicing (to a depth of about 1/2 to 3/4 of an inch) down the
center of the flattest areas, from the top of the pomegranate to the
**NOTE**!!! Absolutely *DO NOT* eat a pomegranate over anything you don't
want stained red - the color is just about impossible to get out (if three
is something that does get it out, I've yet to hear of it). Use a thick
(pref. at least doubled) towel, ot other highly absorbant cloth or similar.
Anyhoo, once you've split the pomegranate, prise it apart very carefully
(because the seeds tend to pop out if the fruit is adequately ripe).
Gently tease the pips/seeds away from the capsule.
You can squeeze off the juice and spit out the seed, or eat the whole thing
(the seeds are high in fiber - NOTE! - if you have diverticulitis, talk to
your gastroenterologist before eating a pomegranate, because I don't know
whether the seeds are good to eat if you have diverticulitis). Some pople
eat one pip/seed at a time, others tease off a large number of the things
for a big flavor burst.
If you like the flavor of pomegranate but hate the mess, you can buy the
Pom brand pure pomegranate juice (just be careful to read the label and
make sure it's not a blend; you don;t pay much less when the pomegranate
juice is adulterated with other fruit juices - same goes for cranberry
juice - go for the straight-up real thing, not these stupid "coctails" that
are more non-nutritive sugar-water than juice - if you want to sweeten it a
bit, you can do so to your taste - it's also good mixed with Diet Tonic
Water - Safeway Select is good, more Quinine taste if you like that).
[snipped - lessons in pomegranate etiquette or lack thereof]
Oh yeah. Sinks are great. Best reason to have a kitchen island - make it
One Big Sink. Good for eating barbeque, ripe fruit, and all sorts of other
highly enjoyable food :) Oy, now I'm getting hungry...
big sink the includes a bin you can take out and put ice into, and set
another bin (all stainless steel) that holds your beer. OK, maybe a
central non-sink strip to hold rectangular servers with roased-in-the-husk
corn, condiments, and the like.
Have a few of those in the island, seating on both sides. Tile floor with
drainage to allow wet bathing suits to drain. Big ol' windows for lots of
light. No need for napkins, just wash your hands and face as you go. HAve
a teevee in view and show some DVDs ((in my case, prob. old "B" scifi
Similar in idea/philosophy to the Cajun Boil thing, where the crawdads and
whatnot get placed (OK, dumped ;) !) onto a newspaper-covered picnic table
and everyone just digs in and has a lot of laughs.
Maybe I'm a just a slob but that would be *my* idea of entertaining. Fine
china and crystal, pbfllt! If people aren't there for the company and the
food, they can leave, thank you.
I've never seen a kitchen set up like that.
Esp. a ripe one, the deep hues of reds, scarlets, and so on. The seeds
look like their namesake - clear garnets. (Pomegranate = "apple of
garnets" or something like that, sort of like pomme du terre, potato,
translates as "earth apple")
Have to get ripe ones, otherwise the juice is sour and the seeds are really
hard. Ripe ones should be slightly fragrant (assuming one has a decent
sense of smell). Any ripe fruit should be lightly fragrant. Veggies too,
Another aspect of setting up a garden to include fragrance - not only the
flowers, but also the fruits and the leaves.
I think I'd seen that one but didn't buy it. Mostly because I have a
number of landscaping books (hey, everyone needs a hobby - or ten or
twenty...) and it might have repeated info in those. Nowadays i tend to
concentrate on "local" books. For example, before moving here, I bought a
few books that deal specifically with native and exotic plants, as well as
various soil, pest, and other garden issues, specific to Houston and the
Gulf Coast area.
((Which is what makes me so crazy with some of the "landscapers" whose work
I've come across - the guy who was hired by the management company for this
place, for one, didn't even amend the soil or create raised beds - just
shoved a few azaleas and otehr thirsty, and not-very-heat-tolerant, plants
into the ground, and then kvetched when they shrivelled up and died. He
was telling me to water them - but water is not the issue, it's that the
wrong plants were put into the wrong places and put into the ground in the
completely wrong way.))
None of which, let me add, is intended as a denigration for any of the
small-scale-gardening books! They offer some excellent ideas, including
ideas for container and/or "vertical" gardening, that help one get the most
out of one's space - the most use, the most beauty, the most economy, and
It's just that the info has to be built-upon.
Best to stop myself right there... ;)
This is correct ONLY for heavy freight loads. It has long been
established that for passengers rail is about the same as your private car.
For transit buses, private cars are more efficient. If you want to save
fuel, moving truck traffic to railroads is a good idea. Moving passengers
is a waste of time as far as fuel is concerned. ALSO, moving passengers by
rail is very, very expensive, about 4 times more expensive than moving them
I've read river barges have the least kWh kWh/ton-mile.
Are we talking about moving 20 100-pound people 1 mile?
I doubt that.
I wonder why. It seems useful to separate monty and energy here, eg union
crews at every state boundary and policies that allow near-empty trains,
vs mostly-full Boswash trains.
Tired of Iraq? Do something about it. Learn to halve your energy use
while having fun with math and science.
Join PE Drew Gillett and PhD Rich Komp and me for a workshop on Solar House
Heating and Natural Cooling Strategies at the first Pennsylvania Renewable
Energy Festival on Saturday September 24, 2005 near Allentown. See
No doubt it is too expensive, mostly because passenger trains must run on
schedule and can't be "humped" as freight trains are, and IMHO, unions
strangle common sense management.
Once when I was dispatching for a general commodities trucking firm, we got
a call from a major railroad company out of Minneapolis who needed a machine
hauled from Louisville, KY. They were willing to pay the full 40,000 lb.
rate for a 500 lb part. I asked why they didn't ship it in by rail and the
answer was, "We can't wait that long, we have to have it here within the
next two weeks." That tells me, they have a problem with time schedules.
When they did haul passengers, the fare was subsidized by also hauling the
mail. U. S. Post office contracts required regularly scheduled runs with
lots of stops... why not carry a few passengers at the same time? But when
trucks began delivering the mail (they could handle even more stops because
they used the highway system) passenger fares would have been prohibitive,
even at a serviceman's discount of 50% when riding in uniform. Other than
acts of terror and war, that was the saddest event in my lifetime.
In 1962, the train ride from San Diego to Chicago took nearly a week but was
it beautiful beyond description. However, my favorite run was from Chicago
to Woodruff, WI (I think it ended in Hurley or Superior but never rode it
that far) on the Chicago-Northwestern. It took 12 hours to go approx. three
hundred miles, stopping at every single little town for 5 to 15 minutes to
drop off and pick up mail. On snowy nights or bright summer days, I met a
lot of friendly people along the way and arrived refreshed and ready for
leave. God, how I miss those days. I have never found a more enjoyable way
to get from point A to point B. Probably never will, either.
Sorry to be so long winded.
(an old vet if you can't tell by this post.)
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