I've been lurking here for quite a while and posted once a long time ago and
I need your help again.
I just expanded my shop (due to a large increase in tools - my parents split
up after 30+ years and I got everything in Dad's shop) and I am redoing the
wiring. I want to put 3 outlets and a light fixture in and from what I see
on the net (I did a pretty good search) I should only hook in to the
end-of-circuit outlet. The outlets will be for table saw / bandsaw / drill
press and a small light (2 - 40w bulbs)above the drill press. None of the
machines will ever be on at the same time - except for the drill press and
What I want to do is run the main wire to a junction box and have the
outlets come out of that.
Hopefully you can understand my diagram. I'm using 14/2 wiring and all the
tools are 110v. Thanks in advance.
The following steps would be useful for you to follow:
1) Get a professional to do the work.
2) If you don't do (1), do some more studying.
14/2 isn't sufficient. Size the wire to the load and
size its breaker appropriately. If you are extending
a 20 ampere circuit, you must use minimum 12/2 and if
you are sufficiently far from the breaker box, 10/2 would
You don't need a central junction box, daisy chain the
outlets. The grounded connection must be continuous and
may not be interrupted by the device - this means you cannot
connect the upstream and downstream neutral conductors
to the screw terminals on the side of the duplex receptacle, but rather
you must connect the upstream and downstream neutrals together
and pigtail to the device. You should also do this with the
current carrying conductor. _DO NOT USE THE PUSH-IN CONNECTORS
ON THE BACK OF THE DEVICE_.
A continuous load on a given circuit may not exceed 80%
of the rated capacity of the circuit breaker/fuse, beware
of this if you are extending an existing circuit.
The ampacity of the wire is dependent upon its length,
enclosure and (to a lesser extent) ambient temperature.
and so forth.
(FWIW, you can probably do what you want with 12/2+G, but
get professional advice _specific to your installation_).
Geeze - don't tell him this. 10 guage wire is way too much for what he's
doing. He can go around a large house with 12 guage and still suffer
neglible voltage drop. I'd hate to see the poor guy fight with 10guage wire
for no good reason.
Chris, the first thing you need to do is study up on your electrical. Use
12/2+G at an absolute minimum. The thinner wire is not for what you are
proposing. I would also recommend going with two circuits, but thats just
me, I like to have my switches on a seperate circuit than my receptacles.
You may also want to consider consulting a electrician in your area as it
may be cheaper in the long run to have it done professionaly, or see if you
know an electrician to do it on the side for you.
That being said, your diagram is ok, but I would run from the jbox to the
receptacles and a seperate pull for the switch (see above comment) and add
that one switch to an existing circuit if possible
Unless it is really tiny tablesaw and you never want to upgrade, a 14/2 (15a
max) will not be adequate; as others have said.
You certainly need 12/2. Since the labor is a lot more expensive than the
materials, I would run 12/3. That way you can get a second (multiwire
circuit) for free if you ever need it. I ran a new 12/2 circuit last summer
and regret it already.
And finally, the circuit you drew is probably legal, but it is rather
unprofessional. Why not just run one after the other?
Buy a wiring book from Home Depot.....I bought the Black and Decker
book. I ran a feeder breaker from the main box to a subpanel in the
garage. I have 3 dedicated 220v circuts and 1 110v circut. I am not
an electrician but I studied the book, drew up some plans, paid my
$50.00 to the city, had it inspected and I'm off. It wasn't quite
that easy...Running wires can be a tough job.........I didn't direcly
answer you question, but I hope It helped
Thanks all, I did go and get a book from Rona (the equilavent of BORG in
Quebec) and some 12/2+G. The existing main wire that I'm using is 14/2 - it
comes directly from the circuit box and now I'm going to call an electrician
and get him to run the 12/2 directly from the box.
Thanks again for the help.
Repeat after me... "I'm using 12/2, I'm using 12/2, I'm using 12/2". Do
that and your drawing is fine. You really don't need that junction box
though. Just run the home run from your breaker to the first box and then
off to the next... to the end.
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