Ok, I'm getting sorted to build this deck now the days are getting longer.
A few Qs before I order the wood...
Deck is to be 5.5m * 3m ish. Covering a existing concrete area that slopes
down to one corner and isn't particularly flat at all. Plan is to build
a frame that sits on the concrete at the front and them is supported with
a few small brick piers towards the back. Height of the piers at the
back will be about 3 bricks or so. Given SWMBO wants a pergola on top of
this I'm thinking of building small piers with a slab on top at the points
where the 6 pergola uprights will be and then standing the pergola on
these. This means I don't need to faff making the pergola uprights all
different lengths (assuming I get all the pads level :)). Will then sit
the decking frame on top of these as well - with some intermediate supports
for the frame as needed (pergola uprights will be 1.8m appart).
Most places seem to suggest 150x50 joists. A couple say 100x50 will be ok.
Assuming I go with 150x50s how frequently will they need supporting?.
Similarly, how frequently do I need to place the joists? I'm probably going
to go with http://preview.tinyurl.com/jibble which have a finished sized of
34mm x 120mm so reasonably thick boards. Seems recomendations are from
400mm to 600mm centres. Any one with experience suggest what would be
best? I don't want to end up with something bouncy :) Noggins every how far?
To build the frame I'll use the turbo golds that Dave recommends - drive them
in with no pilot hole? Or would nails be a better bet?
Finally, once this thing is build any recommendations for coating it? Or
best left alone to age? It's all pressure treated softwood...
2x4 or 2x6? 40cm or 60cm spacing... there's no right answer, all those
will work. Just a question of how much you want to spend and whether
you can tolerate a tiny degree of movement under load. With 2x4 at
60cm centres you'd notice it, 2x6 at 40cm it feels rock hard and could
support very heavy loads.
Ok, so 2x6 at 60cm would be pretty solid I'd imagine. Works nicely with
3m deck :) Piers/supports at similar distance?
A bit of movement is ok. A bouncy deck not. Cost isn't a real issue tbh -
just trying to cut down on the amount of wood I need to lug all the way
around the house :)
On May 8, 2:24 pm, email@example.com (dmc) wrote:
FWIW, I used 2x6 at 40cm, supports at 180cm centres, noggins staggered
across at 90 deg approx 18cm too. Thats for a 4.8m x 4.5m deck.
Of the four corner supports, two sit directly on existing flags (put
in by competent builders a few years ago) in metpost supports bolted
into the flags. The other two were postmix-ed in place so there's
zero movement. Other supporting posts along the sides of the frame
and in the middle were on padstones bedded onto hardcore and sand.
Its rock solid (well, it was when I left it!!), no bounce at all (I've
got 4 boys, and they test it for these things!).
I may have overkilled some of it, but it does the job!
For floors here houses here seem to use 6x2" joists (which I think is
about 150x50mm, no?) on 16" spacing with supports about every 10' or
so; I'd be tempted to use the same for a deck just so I knew it'd hold a
bunch of people and/or other stuff.
(our basement here is actually the above but with 6x6" cross-supports at
the ends of the 10' runs, which are in turn on concrete pillars every 8'
or so - but then that has the weight of the walls, upper storey and roof
to contend with too, so is probably overkill for a deck :-)
I'd go with the 16" (i.e. 400mm) I mentioned above, just so I know it'd
work. I can get 6x2" for 30c/foot (what, 20p?) here, so it doesn't exactly
push the price up a whole lot to use 16" spacing vs. 24".
We've got alternating diagonal braces between joists here (if I'm getting
my terminology right, a noggin always runs horizontally between joists,
not diagonally?). There's a brace every 2' or so (both sides of each
joist) which alternate top-bottom and bottom-top. Each brace is a piece of
4x1" (with the 4" in the horizontal plane).
Works very well, but I suspect that might be overkill for a deck which
won't be loaded as frequently (although it will be more exposed to the
Perosnally I try and use screws for everything I build (and always drill
pilot holes) - but I think you could get away with nails for anything
horizontal as unlike the vertical portions they're less likely to work
loose over time.
I'll leave that for the experts - but await reply with interest, as
building both a deck and some fencing around the front lawn using the same
material is on the cards here...
On 8 May, 13:56, firstname.lastname@example.org (dmc) wrote:
Not answering your questions, but can I recommend if you don't already
have on, that you invest in a 10" sliding mitre saw. I did the first
half of my deck with a combination of circular saw, jig saw and old
fashioned wood saw, and it was a chore. Half way through I decided to
invest in the mitre saw and the whole job became a walk in the park.
About 120 quid on ebay ISTR, only problem might be finding somewhere
to keep it afterwards, takes up a hell of a lot of space in my shed.
Hmm... I have been looking at them thinking they would be handy but I'm
not sure I can justify it. Maybe I'll take another look.
SWMBO is already looking at the pile of screws, drills and assorted
tools that are collecting in the conservatory and asking when the deck
will be finished :)
Saw a program many moons ago about a guy who took his eye off the ball using
one of those things - lopped his hand clean off.
They managed to stitch it back on and regain a lot of function, but his
wrist looked a mess.
Not saying they are any more dangerous than other power tools, just need
I use mainly 150 x 50 & support any span over 3m. If I have to use 100 x 50
to get under a door threshold I support it every 2m. Both at 500mm spacing.
You won't get any bounce with 150 x 50 at 500mm spacing I use noggins at 1m
spacing, but alternating odd/even/odd etc. So with 3m joists I'd use 3 in
the first row, 2 in the second, three in the third etc.
6 x 90 turbogolds deffo. No pilot hole, decent 14.4v driver will put then
in, or muchos better an impact driver. Two will give you a really strong
joint. Easier to pull a sailor off your sister etc.
It will last OK even if you don't coat it, but it will fade to that silver
grey like fence panels do.
I'd leave it a fortnight to even out the moisture content & colour, then a
coat of decking oil.
Dave - The Medway Handyman
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