The main task of the septic tank is to physically separate the incoming
waste into 3 layers: scum (floating on top, consisting mostly of soap,
grease, and hair), solids (settled to the bottom), and liquid (in the
middle). The tank has baffles so that, when working properly, only
the liquid portion in the middle can exit exit the tank and enter the
leach field. The liquid entering the leach field is NOT clean; if it
finds its way to the surface because the leach field is clogged, it
will stink. When the leach field is working properly, the liquid
sinks into the soil, and is acted on by various microorganisms in the
soil to clean it.
If the OP has septic waste finding its way to the surface in his leach
field, he's very likely not going to fix things by just having the tank
pumped out. It's too late. The leach field has already failed.
In his original post, the OP stated he's been living in the house for 5
months. He did not state whether he bought the house 5 months ago. In
many states, it is required by law that the septic system be inspected
and pumped before a sale can take place.
The OP also seemed to be completely unfamiliar with living in a home
with a septic system. Perhaps he's flushing wet-wipes down the toilet
and dumping paint and other inappropriate materials down the sink.
Maybe he installed a food disposal in the kitchen sink. Maybe he
installed a water softener and is running the discharge water to the
Once the leach field is damaged, the cost of repair can be several
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