I am getting to the end of a kitchen reno. This is a galley style
kitchen. On one side of the kitchen is the sink, where I will put GFI
outlets. On the opposite wall there is just cabinets with
counterspace. Am I correct that no GFI outlets are required on the
opposite wall since there is no sink? Is there a distance requirement
where GFI should be located from the sink and does that apply to the
same counter, or overall distance from the sink no matter where you
The electricians who did my kitchen said that only outlets within a
certain distance from a water source (either two or three feet, IIRC)
had to be GFI. The remaining countertop and island outlets were
standard. The instpector passed it.
There is a distance factor, but I'm not positive. I think 6' from the sink
edge. Best to check with the local inspector in case he interprets things
You use plural outlets. Only one on a branch has to be gfci, the ones
downstream will be protected. Of course, you want a few circuits in the
kitchen so as not to overload when running a toaster and coffee pot, etc.
The NEC does not agree.
Circuits for plug-in refrigeration in commercial kitchens have to be
GFCI protected. The reason is shocks (based on experience).
For residential, the NEC used to have some exceptions from GFCI
protection where a refrigerator was plugged in. The exceptions are all gone.
There is a mythical "device" style AFCI but like unicorns, big foot
and an honest politician, nobody has really seen one.
Breakers are what you get.
The code still would only allow you to have this device
connected to the panel with metal conduit or "steel armored" MC/AC
On 6/13/2011 11:17 PM, email@example.com wrote:
I don't see why they couldn't
I did see a picture of an AFCI receptacle (which didn't then exist) in a
2011 code changes book.
Starting 2014, in areas where new circuits have to be AFCI protected,
replacement receptacles will have to be AFCI protected. Can be by AFCI
breakers or "mythical" AFCI receptacles, or downstream from AFCI
Starting in the 2011 NEC, extensions to circuits in areas where AFCI
protection for new circuits is required, the extensions have to be AFCI
protected. Can be by AFCI breakers or being downstream from a "mythical"
AFCI receptacle. (I remembered this one was delayed too, but it isn't.)
You are doubtless aware of these, but others may not be.
Looks like the code panel wants a retro requirement that old circuits be
AFCI protected and this is all they could do. Would be nice if they
didn't want "mythical devices".
Any rumors on the ultimate intent - like all 15/20A circuits everywhere
be AFCI protected?
True when used to protect a new circuit (as the equivalent of an AFCI
If used as above as a replacement receptacle, or to protect circuit
extensions, or to protect existing downstream receptacles they wouldn't
need the metal protection. Until maybe the next NEC.
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