Does code require the receptacle for a over-the-range microwave to be GFI
protected? (Seems to me like it would be a good idea because one may
frequently be touching the microwave and the grounded range - or is it
sufficient to depend on the microwave ground being intact at all times?)
Anyway the main question is, "Doec the code require a GFI here?"
Actually, assuming we are talking kitchens in dwelling units, the 2005 NEC,
Article 210.8(A)(6) only says that kitchens require GFCIs on receptacles
"where the receptacles are installed to serve the countertop surfaces".
Local codes may be more restrictive.
The NEC does not reference the kitchen sink in any way. It only says
all receptacles serving the countertop in the kitchen, pantry, dining
and breakfast room shall be GFCI protected. If the receptacle behind
the microwave was above the sink in an appliance garage it wouldn't
have to be GFCI because it is not serving the countertop.
For that matter if some trendy fad started where you had a pedastal
sink in the kitchen with no counterspace around it you could have a
receptacle above it without a GFCI. Terrible "design" but it doesn't
violate the code. An inspector might make up a rule (90.4) to make you
On the other hand wet bar sinks and laundry sinks do have the 6 foot
Clark, you're reaching!!! Originally when GFCI protection was required at
kitchen counters, it was for any outlet within six feet of the sink. That's
changed and all kitchen counter outlets are required to be protected. GFCI
rules are pretty specific now, such as where an outdoor hot tub is
installed, a GFCI outlet is required to be installed between ten and twenty
feet from the tub. The only current six foot rule I know of is a counter top
at a wet bar, any outlet within six feet of the sink must be protected
You are the one claiming some six foot of a wet location rule. There simply
isn't one. As I said earlier, there are many SPECIFIC locations where GFCI
protection is required. Within six feet of a laundry or wet bar sink are two
You are reading something in the code that is not there. All it says
about the KITCHEN is
"(6)Kitchens where the receptacles are installed to serve the
Wet bar sinks and laundry sinks are dealt with in another provision.
Not the same thing at all.
Perhaps you are happier with the new commercial kitchen rule that says
all receptacles in the kitchen will be GFCI and that includes the ones
behind the refrigerators.
Next year it gets tighter than that when everything will be required
to be AFCI in a dwelling and that will incorporate some degree of GFCI
protection (30ma or 5ma)
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