The Egyptians didn't have garden hose. They dug trenches, filled them
with water, and measured off the water surface. For work too high above
ground level to conveniently reference off water in a surface trench, they
erected troughs or connected two basins with clay pipe.
Maybe denial isn't a river in Egypt, but Da Nile is. :)
Really, they had to have had water for the workers to drink anyway, so
they likely had enough extra around to set up a few bowl or trough levels.
4000 years ago it was a lush green agricultural paradise. Today's desert
(in the valleys of the pyramids at least) is some combination of natural
events and poor farming, grazing and forest practices ...
On 2 May 2004 09:39:37 -0700, email@example.com (Harry Conover) wrote:
It would have been, if they had built in a desert. But of course they
didn't. The heroic architecture of ancient Egypt is found in the Nile
river valley region of Egypt.
Realize that 4,000 years ago North Africa and the Middle East
weren't mostly desert.The Sahara was a great forest. Lebanon
was famous for its cedars. Babylon (Iraq) was a rich farming area.
The Nile valley was the most productive farmland in the known world.
Etc. Deforestation and climate change have turned many of these
regions into badlands today, but it wasn't always so.
The white Nile rises from Lake Victoria in Kenya (even today the
second largest fresh water lake in the world) and the blue Nile
rises from Lake Tana in Ethiopia. Picture the lower Mississippi
river valley minus the Corps of Engineers flood control dams,
and you'll have a good image of what ancient Egypt was like.
They didn't need tubing or hose to do it - All the Egyptians had to
do was dig a network of trenches on the site they wanted level and
fill it with water. Use a calibrated measuring stick at each
reference point to transfer the levels to reference stakes, then dry
out the trenches and start leveling.
Once you get the site fairly level, flood the plain a few times
between scraping sessions to observe the low & high spots and correct
them - you could get billiard-table flat with a little time and
effort. (After accounting for the curvature of the earth, of course.)
--<< Bruce >>--
Bruce L. Bergman, Woodland Hills (Los Angeles) CA - Desktop
Electrician for Westend Electric - CA726700
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