56. Starting or landing Winders. — Fig. 52 is a plan
of a stairway which has winders either at the starting or at the landing. The curving of the risers is resorted to for the purpose of making them occupy less room from l to m. Curving the risers in this manner also improves the appearance of the stairway, by reducing its angularity.
57. Quarter Platform With Newels. — Fig. 53 is a plan of a quarter-platform stairway with small newels framed to the stringers in the angles; the hand rail may join the newels either straight, or with easements and with ramp and knee, or with a goose neck. The curved risers are introduced to save the space in the run of the flights.
58. Platform Stairway With Two Return Flights.
Fig. 54 is a plan of a platform stairway with two return,