I recently published an article titled, *Plant Nutrients – Part 1 – The
Benefits of Bone Meal And Phosphorus For Plumeria Plants And Plants In
, and thought I share it in this forum for everybody interested
in the subject....
consists of ground up bones and is used as an organic
fertilizer. Bone meal is an excellent source of *slow release
which is one of the three macronutrients. The other two are
Nitrogen and Potassium. These plant nutrients are called macronutrients
as plants need a higher percentage of them compared to other nutrients
for their development and growth process.
Bone meal doesn't move well through the soil. Therefore it is best to
add it at planting time by sprinkling it over and around the roots so
that the plant nutrients will interact with the root system immediately
and be most beneficial to plant's overall development.
The ratio of the three macronutrients in bone meal is usually *4-14-0*
meaning 4% Nitrogen, *14% Phosphorus*
and 0% Potassium. In addition,
bone meal is also a good source of *Calcium*
is essential for plants as it aids in root development,
photosynthesis, energy transfer, cell division, flower production,
transportation of plant nutrients and more. It combines with oxygen to
The terms *Phosphorus*
are used interchangeably.
Plumeria plants supplemented with bone meal have been known to have an
increased flower production per plant. More flowers enhance the
plumeria plant's overall appearance and aesthetic quality. Some plumeria
growers believe that fertilizers influence the color intensity and scent
of some plumeria flowers.
One word of caution to gardeners who have dogs or other wildlife, such
as raccoons, visit their gardens. Since bone meal is made from bones
these animals are attracted to its scent. Gardeners need to be aware of
this and watch for digging and other signs of destruction in their pots
and in their gardens. Proper protective measures may be needed to save
plumeria plants from these nosey critters.
Plant nutrients protect plants from a number of symptoms that negatively
affect the healthy growth patterns of plants, including plumeria
, for example, expresses itself in reduction of
flower production, and in fruiting plants it results in less fruits.
Other signs of *Phosphorus deficiency*
include older leaves showing a
bluish coloration mixed with green, purple veins on the leaves or the
entire leaf changes into a purple-like color, stunted growth and new
stalks growing thin.
, another ingredient in bone meal, is called a secondary
nutrient. Other secondary nutrients include Magnesium and Sulfur.
plays an important role in developing strong plants and
strengthening cell walls.
manifests itself in local tissue necrosis, death of
tissue, which eventually leads to stunted growth. Other signs of Calcium
deficiency include necrotic leaf margins, curled leaves, demise of
terminal buds and tips of the roots.
By applying bone meal to your plants, including plumeria plants, you
ensure a steady release of Phosphorus over an extended period of time
resulting in floriferous and thriving plants.
Part 2 of the series, Plant Nutrients, will focus on the benefits of
Nitrogen and Potassium for plants, including sensuously perfumed
Copyright © Bob Walsh