Pffhhht. Pedantic grammar tyrant. <g>
From loosey-goosey (descriptive) Websters:
3 : compose, constitute <a misconception as to what comprises a literary
generation - William Styron> <about 8 percent of our military forces are
comprised of women - Jimmy Carter>
usage Although it has been in use since the late 18th century, sense 3 is
still attacked as wrong. Why it has been singled out is not clear, but until
comparatively recent times it was found chiefly in scientific or technical
writing rather than belles lettres. Our current evidence shows a slight
shift in usage: sense 3 is somewhat more frequent in recent literary use
than the earlier senses. You should be aware, however, that if you use sense
3 you may be subject to criticism for doing so, and you may want to choose a
safer synonym such as compose or make up.
From almost as loosey-goosey Dictionary.com:
-Usage note Comprise has had an interesting history of sense development. In
addition to its original senses, dating from the 15th century, "to include"
and "to consist of" (The United States of America comprises 50 states),
comprise has had since the late 18th century the meaning "to form or
constitute" (Fifty states comprise the United States of America). Since the
late 19th century it has also been used in passive constructions with a
sense synonymous with that of one of its original meanings "to consist of,
be composed of": The United States of America is comprised of 50 states.
These later uses are often criticized, but they occur with increasing
frequency even in formal speech and writing.
From constipated (prescriptive) American Heritage:
USAGE NOTE: The traditional rule states that the whole comprises the parts
and the parts compose the whole. In strict usage: The Union comprises 50
states. Fifty states compose (or constitute or make up) the Union. Even
though careful writers often maintain this distinction, comprise is
increasingly used in place of compose, especially in the passive: The Union
is comprised of 50 states. Our surveys show that opposition to this usage is
abating. In the 1960s, 53 percent of the Usage Panel found this usage
unacceptable; in 1996, only 35 percent objected. See Usage Note at include.
Yer fightin' an uphill battle, Rich.
I used that word because I already had "hold" and "contain" on the same
page, although I later editted out the sentence with contain. It didn't
sound perfect but I kept it in, not knowing that grammar police was one of
your many hats. :-)
Thanks for posting that, I feel better about the word choice, though I
haven't decided yet if I'm going to keep it or not, decisions like this
shouldn't be rushed.
Hey, it's not easy being a grammar policeman. It's like a lot of hard-won
skills. Just when you really get the hang of dropping the pin in those
little holes in a rotary indexing table, along comes CNC. d8-)
1122: 50' steel surveyors tape
1123: AAI Amateur Astronomers Incorporated...Probably either a
telescope case or the case for a telescope mounting. (tripod)
1124: Cordless soldering iron. (old style) liquid fueled, probably
1125: Gold suggests that it was used with something that reacts with
other metals, 1G suggests a measured weight, might have been used to
weigh out pharmaceuticals or reactive powders.
1127: For calculating the weight of various materials based on their
1128: a specific gravity tester, probably used to detect some kind of
counterfeiting ( based upon the "currency-esque' papers in the bulbs)
Tube, probably got something inside.
Very nice soldering iron.
Pharmacist's tool for scooping powder from bottles.
Seabee's tape measure.
Official White House hydrometer.
This answer is correct. I was thinking of posting a secondary question
about it on the site but I'll post it here instead, what is the purpose of
the small part sticking out of the lid? It's located in the middle towards
the back, about 1/2" or less from the hinge.
Good job on finding the patent, here is a photo of the lid in which the text
can be read:
I'm still trying to figure out the second line, where it says "For matches &
C.", the fourth line reads "D.N & Co.", so the "& C." in the second line
doesn't seem to make sense. A close-up can be seen here:
It's actually a rendering of 'etc.'. '&' is 'Et'. I know Nokia's
corporate font always used to have an ampersand which was clearly
a ligature of the two letters, for example, similar in proportions
to the second step in the following:
*sigh* the failings of modern education.
The ampersand symbol is derived from 'et'. as in 'et cetera'.
If you look _closely_ at one, you'll even see where the 't' is crossed on
the stroke that goes up-right from the bottom of the figure.
Care to guess what the 'C' stands for? <*GRIN*>
This is a _standard_ abbreviation in older writing.
I see several have answered. Before reading their replies, this very old
puzzle is what popped up in my mind.
Full page with some background info, but no answer:-( Click on "funny
Bones" or scroll down about three quarters.
Absolutely stumped as to what "B" is in this context. I *think* I have
solved the rest...
Such a cluttered page, took forever to find what you were referencing--
reproduced here for convenience:
"A sign over a fireplace mantle in New Hampshire has this puzzle on it. I
saw it in a charming old Inn while having dinner with friends in the late
'70's, and it caught my eye. The last line seemed clear enough, but how
about the rest?
If the BMT put more :
If the B . putting :
Never put more : over a - der
You'd be an * it
So I scribbled it down, and when I got home tried to figure it out. Turned
out that the terminology was kind of archaic, but then it was a puzzle from
some word-playing "Yankee" made up over a hundred years ago. At first it's
harder than it looks. Eventually it dawns on you what it's all about. Simple
stuff, and kind of corny, too. Think of where the sign is located, near the
grate of a roaring fireplace, where strangers might have helped out fueling
the flames-- IF they knew their English!"
Answering your question, it's a two letter word which has 28 separate meanings
in contemporary English. homophonic with the name for a 3 letter insect.
"If the grate be empty, put more coal on.
If the grate be full, stop putting more coal on.
Never put more coal on over a - der
You'd be an ass to risk` it
'-' has me stumped so far -- should work out to something like 'hot cin(der)'
I _think_. can't make 'dash', or 'hyphen' fit
"B" -> (archaic for upper case) "Great B" -> grate be
":" -> "colon' -> coal on
".' -> (older _British_ usage) "full stop" -> full, stop
"*" -> "asterisk" -> ass to risk
HomeOwnersHub.com is a website for homeowners and building and maintenance pros. It is not affiliated with any of the manufacturers or service providers discussed here.
All logos and trade names are the property of their respective owners.