I did a post similar to this 5 years ago and it was generally received as
interesting and educational. The following photos are of hand tools from my
personal collection and all are shown somewhere in the Hand Tool Page(s) on
my vanity website (URL in my signature). See how many you can answer.
1. Let's start with an easy one.
What is the model # of this Stanley plane?
2. What is this Stanley tool?
What was it used for?
3. These two Stanley tools have similar handles but are quite different.
What are they and what are they used for?
15. This spokeshave was often called the cigar shave.
Who manufactured this tool?
16. What is this device called?
What was it used for?
17. What was this tool used for?
The last three are more difficult. Each shows pieces which have been
removed from a woodworking tool.
18. What are these? From what tool were they removed?
19. These are accessories used with a Stanley tool.
What tool are they used with?
20. From what Stanley tool was this piece removed?
I will post answers in 2 or 3 days following your replies.
Visit My Workshop: http://home.earthlink.net/~kvaughn65 /
Hand Tools Page: http://home.earthlink.net/~kvaughn65k/handtools.html
Wow. RicodJour is a tough act to follow.
#13 is a chain drill used for boring into metal with a hand brace.
Photo b shows the indexing wheel which advances the screw which
tightens the chain a tad with every revolution of the bit. I have
one of these and have never used it.
Exactly, although I think the chain which originally came with the drill
used slightly different shaped links. The chuck is a 3-jaw Jacobs style
chuck and not the type used with auger bits so I am guessing it was used
mostly with metal (twist) bits. I found this chain drill at an antique shop
years ago -- tried it once and it worked OK.
Stanley #49 Adjustable Bit Gauge -- attaches to any size auger bit to limit
the depth of the hole.
Just as RecodJour said.
(3a) is a scraper plane pushed forward with the handles and the scraper
blade inclined towards the front with a slight hook formed on the blade,
which was usually sharpened to around 45 degrees.
(3b) is a belt makers plane used to chamfer the ends of a leather belt so
they could be glued together in a scarf joint to form a continuous belt of
uniform thickness. These wide leather belts were used to drive equipment
that were connected to a water or steam driven line shaft.
This is an inshave, also called a scorp, which was used to hollow chair
seats, scoop out the center of a bowl, or other tasks.
These are a set of chamfer guides which would be attached to a draw knife to
limit the depth of a chamfer cut by the knife.
(7a) is a Stanley 89 clapboard gauge. Most carpenters used 2 or 3 of these
when nailing clapboard siding to a building. It was used as follows --
there are two sharp tabs on the top of the metal plate (not visible in the
photo). These were inserted up and under the current top clapboard siding
and the handle moved to one side forcing a spur into the clapboard below the
top clapboard and holding it in place. The next siding was placed on the
L-shaped bracket at the top and the carpenter nailed it in place.
(7b) is a Stanley 88 clapboard siding marker. It was used as shown in the
following photo to mark the end of a clapboard so it could be cut to butt up
against the casing which formed the corner boards.
And before someone comments -- I just grabbed a piece of scrap to
demonstrate. I am not planning to side my shop with walnut.
These planes were used to cut tongue and groove joints.
(8a) is a Stanley #48 tongue and groove match plane. With the fence in the
position shown, both cutters are exposed and the plane cuts a tongue. When
the fence was rotated on the center pivot pin, only one of the cutters is
exposed and the plane cuts the matching groove as shown in the following
(8b) is a Stanley #148 which did the same thing depending on which direction
you push it.
(8c) is a wooden body plane made by H. Chapin which was the early equivalent
of the #148
(9a) These are Stanley #40 scrub planes. The camera makes the one with
rosewood handles look larger than the one with beech handles (older), but
they are actually the same size.
(9b) This is a Stanley #112 scraper plane. It is basically the same plane
as the #12 discussed above under (3a) but with a plane body and tote
(9c) This is a Stanley #278 rabbet and filletster plane (fence not shown) --
it is kind of a funky looking plane
(9d) This is a Stanley #62 low angle block plane -- about the size of a jack
plane and with the cutter iron bedded at 12 degrees -- a very useful plane
(9e) This is a Stanley #289 rabbet and filletster plane, The cutter iron was
set at a skew angle. It is shown here with the fence
(9f) This is a Stanley Victor #20 circular plane used in much the same
manner as the Stanley #113 circular plane shown below:
(11a) is a stair makers saw used along with a chisel and router plane while
trenching out stringers, making slots for stair treads or risers, and
(11b) is an old Simonds apple wood handled compass saw with a tapered blade
and with a lot of set to the teeth. This saw was primarily used to cut
irregular shapes or round hole in a piece of wood.
This is a Stanley #92 butt and rabbet gauge. It was designed for laying out
butt hinges on a door and jam similar to the familiar #95:
Because of its versatility, it could also be used to layout mortise and
This is a chain drill. The operator would wrap the chain around a beam or a
post and insert the loose end into a slot in the tool. With each revolution
of the brace a steel pin would rotate a star wheel which in turn would
rotate a gear and draw the bit into the object being drilled.
(14a) is an ECE Primus smoother made in Germany
(14b) is a Norris 5A infill smoother, made in London, England
This spokeshave was made by Millers Falls
This is a Stanley #386 jointer gauge which was clamped to the side of a fore
or jointer plane to assist is keeping the sole of the plane at a
pre-determined angle, usually 90 degrees. Here is a photo of the jointer
gauge attached to a fore plane:
I thought this would be harder to guess. It is the adjustable skate, often
called the tower, which came with a Stanley #55 plane. It is often missing
from these planes.
Here it is shown in place at the front of the plane:
HomeOwnersHub.com is a website for homeowners and building and maintenance pros. It is not affiliated with any of the manufacturers or service providers discussed here.
All logos and trade names are the property of their respective owners.