I have a 3kw dual fuel cooker installation in a couple of weeks and
have discovered that I do not have a dedicated circuit in place for
this (the existing small oven is plugged in to a standard socket). I
realise I need to run a cable from my fuse box, and hence have carried
out some research... I came up with the following:
3kw appliance = 13amps, so if I use a 20 amp fuse at the consumer
unit, I can then use 4mm cable which seems to take btwn 25 and 30
I thought I had this all sussed, until I spoke to someone who
3kw appliance needs 30amp fuse and 6mm cable. Is this correct or just
erring on the side of caution??
The run is about 19 metres, and will be under floorboards, except for
a couple of metres of trunking down the wall.
Any advice greatly appreciated!
I'm planning to run mine off a socket! OK, the ring main I intend to use is
pretty unloaded. However, if you wish to use a separate circuit (i.e. your
socket circuit is loaded with high current items such as dishwashers and
washing machines) then 4mm and a 20A breaker would be fine.
I'd probably use a 16A breaker myself, but 6mm cable. Cable isn't expensive,
it is the redecorating after laying it that is, so you might as well lay it
now you've got the chance. The 6mm cable will run a large electric cooker,
giving you options in the future. Not that I'd want to recommend getting
If future upgradability doesn't worry you and you aren't running the cable
in insulation, then 2.5mm cable would be fine for this circuit, assuming
voltage drop/earth loop impedence is fine for the length.
Conventional Final Circuits, a radial wired in 4mmsq with a 20A fuse (even
the ancient rewireable-with-a-four-inch-nail type) or "normal" TypeB MCB or
RCBO is fine for a run of 43m, more or less regardless of how it runs.
Indeed, wiring in 2.5mmsq is OK for 27m with a cartridge fuse or a TypeB
As others have said, if you want to do this for just this specific appliance,
a 2.5mmsq run will be OK ass-U-ming you'll use a normal MCB, with the
advantage that you'll either have 2.5mmsq already to hand, or will find it
sensible to buy a 100m reel at normal cheap-as-chips prices from an
electrical counter (it's such a high-volume item that it's sold close
to cost, at around 15 quid or so). On the other hand, if you're buying
a cut length of thicker cable, I'd future-proof by putting in the
6mmsq stuff so that you or subsequent owners can run a beefier
all-electric cooker off the same wiring, with a cooker control unit
in place of the 20A dual-pole switch I'm guessing you're planning for this
plug-in appliance - used to be a common rating for kettles, though most
are 2.2 or 2.4kW these days; some fan heaters are 3kW. You don't see
Monster cables attached to those, do you? In fact without a "step-down"
13A fuse in a fused connection unit or similar, you'd be *less* safe with
a 30A fuse as the only overcurrent protection for your hob and 6mmsq
cable than the more closely-rated 20A one, even with 2.5mmsq cable!
advice/regs-lookup to be tailored to what you're actually doing, rather
than full of "if this... if that..."! (All it needed to be a Perfect
enquiry would've been more precision over what you meant by "fuse" -
old-style rewireable, rarely-used-but-useful cartridge type, or the
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