A neighbor just landed a job teaching at the San Jose Union School
District (yes, in the bad side of town), where she asked me if I
could help her with a "bathroom pass" intended to be send a message.
That pic is the raw material for the 3' by 3" by 3/4" bathroom
pass, which she asked me to label with her room number & the words:
ROOM B201 BATHROOM PASS
I bought a 3" yellow cardboard stencil kit to spray on the letters,
but the professional stencils are a tad too big to fit all the words.
I have a router, and some bits, which I haven't ever used (they were
a gift when I was in college, and college was many decades ago); but
I don't have a router table (so, it would likely be a disaster).
I guess I'm asking for suggestions.
One thing that might be nice would be Windows or Linux freeware to
create the characters in a size that I can print, experiment with,
and then, when I get the size right, I can then cut them out and
lay them on the board and spray paint on the letters.
Do you know of such stencil-kit freeware to size the letters?
I was hoping for some ideas on how to make the wooden pass,
e.g., since I have a router, and bits, but no table, maybe
folks can help give me ideas on how to router the letters in?
As for the stenciling, I did search, and what I currently came
up with is that I downloaded the stencil true-type fonts here:
I unzipped the "Octin Stencil Regular" & "Octin Stencil Prison"
fonts; doubleclicked on them in Linux, up popped a KDE Font
Viewer which had an "Install" button.
Clicking on the Install button made the font available
to all my programs, particularly LibreOffice, where I typed up
it up and set the size to 150, which I have printed, and will
test out on the board for size.
But I was also hoping for ideas on the router.
Chris Ahlstrom wrote, on Thu, 11 Sep 2014 06:02:37 -0400:
I appreciate your attempt at sarcasm, but what I'm asking for is
advice from someone who actually has experience in routing
letters on wood using stencils.
Here is a picture of my router equipment, for example:
And, here are the bits that I own:
Bearing in mind that I have not routed anything in 40 years, and
keeping in mind that I don't have a router table, how exactly do
you think LMGTFY is going to help me choose the correct bit, and
stencil pattern, based on your specific wood routing experience?
BTW, do you know of a specific site *better* than a.h.r. for
the wood routing ideas, or better than the linux ng for the stencil
ideas to go with the router?
Or, are you intimating that this is such a common question, that
my previous searches (which found the fonts) should have also
found how to match the wood router to the fonts?
As shown in the other link, you're using the wrong technique/search--you
don't use stencils for the purpose of routing...stencils are for fill-in
painting and the like.
rec.woodworking (and take out all the computer-related groups; it's
off-topic for them. I cut distribution down again on followup...)
You don't need/want a router table for the purpose and it's certainly
possible to do freehand altho it does take familiarity/practice to do a
decent job; not something one is likely to do well if haven't used a
Ok, I'll have a go at answering this.
Routing letters is normally done with a (TCT - Tungsten Carbide Tip) 'v'
bit. The router is fitted with a bush which follows the inside of the
template. Different sized bushes change the offset so that the cut is either
closer to, or further away from the edge. I would suggest a bush which
centres the cutter in the template & you control the width of the letter
using the depth of cut.
Then you need a flat surface for the router to ride on. One method is to
build a frame around the workpiece so that the frame is level with the
template when it is placed on top of the work. The frame is sized to hold
the workpiece without it moving. If oversize the workpiece can be shimmed or
wedged to hold it in place.
The framework may also need a rebate around the top inside edge to
accommodate the letter templates if they are larger than the workpiece. If
smaller then some way of preventing them moving - thin double sided tape
So that leaves you with the problem of sourcing the templates & a suitable
guide bush (which may also need shortening for use with thin templates).
You would probably be much better off asking in a woodworking forum. Also
it's a lot of work (& expense) for a one off job.
This is the net, as I understood most of what you described, but it seemed
like a lot of work for a one-off job.
I was hoping there would be router-specific templates where we could
specify the text and the size of the text, and the router bit, and
it would create it for us.
Still, as you noted, the problem is keeping the router inside the lines,
which, wouldn't happen with the paper I am currently printing to.
RobertMacy wrote, on Thu, 11 Sep 2014 05:22:41 -0700:
The deed is done, at least the first (ugly) pass.
I gave up on the router idea, and went with pure stenciling.
However, I made far more mistakes than I had felt like making.
For one, I should have used a FONT that had a much wider
space because the O's and the M's kept ripping on me:
For another, the paper was too thin, so I had to add a swath
of tape to the front, and even that was too thin, so I had to
add another swath of tape to the back.
One thing I realized is that you really need to cut from both
ends, so, it would have been nice to have a *reverse font*, which
would print on both sides of the paper, so that I could cut
from both sides.
Another flaw in my process that I had to rectify midway was that
the cutting board was too hard. I needed something soft, so I added
a section of cardboard, which made a HUGE difference in cutting:
Another bad mistake I only realized *after* I had started painting
was that I didn't stretch the paper taut against the wood enough,
so, it bulged out a bit:
I'm sure that will make the letters messy, but she needs it today
so, it is what it is. It's 6am right now, so, I have to drive up
to her house by 7 to get it to her, so I hope it dries in time:
Just cut out the letters and glue them to the wood, or use carbon
paper (or similar) to trace them onto the wood and fill in the
outlines with paint by hand.
laser printers and sheets of polycarbonate offer some other
Ooooh. That is nice. Verrrry nice. It's too much for a one-time job,
but, it's exactly how it should be done, to be done right!
I'm embarrassed to give this to the teacher, but I had to run it
over at 6:30 this morning, so, the deed is done (for now):
I told her to bring it back and I'd try to repaint it or router it
better over the weekend, but I'll have to figure out a way to do it
without a table and without making it look even worse.
< Not my best work >
Jasen Betts wrote, on Thu, 11 Sep 2014 12:56:45 +0000:
I realized, too late, that I needed a "fatter spaced" stencil, because the
letters kept breaking.
What we need is a mirror-image stencil, so we can print on both sides,
exactly on top of each other, and that way we can cut from both sides.
Another thing, I only learned by doing, was that the stencil font I
had downloaded had far too many corners!
It was a royal pain. Next time I'm going to try to find much more
blocky letters (with fewer corners to cut), as the corners were
where the paper stuck, and then ripped.
Anyway, it's not my best effort, but here it is since I had to make
it last night to give to her by 6:30am this morning:
If she brings it back, I'll re-do it better, as the major mistake I
made was not taping down the letters tightly.
I prefer routing anyway, so, I'll keep looking for a fast and easy
You would have to buy or make templates for the letters, then clamp
it/them to the workpiece and route around them with your router and a
Possibly - VERY possibly - someone practiced in doing so could do it
freehand but I sure wouldn't try it.
One way to make a template would be to print out your letters, afix them
to a piece of ply and cut out with a scroll or jig saw. If I were going
to go to that much work I wouldn't bother with a template, just saw them
out of the finished board. In reality, I would just go to a stationery
store, buy stick on letters and stick them on.
That's called "Experience". When you do something for the first time,
you learn what to do different next time to get better results or make
the job go more quickly or easily.
If you'd have tried to make this by routering wood, you'd have taken on
a much more difficult challenge, and would have undoubtedly had a much
more difficult time of it.
What concerns me about giving a 3 foot long by 3 inch wide "Bathroom
Pass" to students in a school in a rough part of town is that it's the
perfect size to be used as a weapon to whack some other student or
teacher. I'm kinda thinking that what that school is doing might have
equally been done by stenciling "Bathroom Pass" on baseball bats, and
giving those to students. It's an irresistible invitation to whack
someone or something with it.
nestork wrote, on Thu, 11 Sep 2014 16:44:21 +0200:
I initially had the same concerns.
I was told, by the teacher, that some of the other teachers actually
give them a bathroom plunger (the real thing!), and another gives
them a long length of plastic pipe.
Why try to do this in software? Measure your material, cut out a piece
of paper of the same size, and draw it by hand (use a ruler).
Or drill a hole on the end of a 2' piece of 2by4, and consider it done.
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