What is the term for "stops putting out new growth in certain spots"

The closest I can think of is "train/trained/training"
For instance, it seems with grape vines if you cut off any new growth and have a "clean" main trunk after a couple of seasons it stops trying to put out new growth there.
Is there a technical/scientific term for this?
Now mesquite trees, especially ones that get a lot of water, they seem to always be bursting forth with new growth all over the place. Trim or pinch off emerging growth but that spot will still send out new growth.
Is there a technical/scientific term for this?
Thanks
Jay
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